AAHA/AAFP pain management guidelines for dogs & cats.

  title={AAHA/AAFP pain management guidelines for dogs & cats.},
  author={Peter Hellyer and Ilona Rodan and Jane Brunt and R. Greg Downing and James E Hagedorn and Sheilah Ann Robertson},
  journal={Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association},
  volume={43 5},
Pain management in dogs and cats has undergone a dramatic evolution in the past decade. Current approaches focus on anticipation and prevention of pain, as well as both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic management techniques. The veterinary team plays an essential role in educating pet owners about recognizing and managing pain in their pets.