# A two-fluid model for avalanche and debris flows

@article{Pitman2005ATM, title={A two-fluid model for avalanche and debris flows}, author={E. Bruce Pitman and Long L{\^e}}, journal={Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences}, year={2005}, volume={363}, pages={1573 - 1601} }

Geophysical mass flows—debris flows, avalanches, landslides—can contain O(106–1010) m3 or more of material, often a mixture of soil and rocks with a significant quantity of interstitial fluid. These flows can be tens of meters in depth and hundreds of meters in length. The range of scales and the rheology of this mixture presents significant modelling and computational challenges. This paper describes a depth-averaged ‘thin layer’ model of geophysical mass flows containing a mixture of solid…

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