A troubleshooting guide to the subcutaneous epidural implantable reservoir.

@article{Waldman1986ATG,
  title={A troubleshooting guide to the subcutaneous epidural implantable reservoir.},
  author={Steven D. Waldman and Gary S. Feldstein and Mel L. Allen},
  journal={Journal of pain and symptom management},
  year={1986},
  volume={1 4},
  pages={
          217-22
        }
}
Abstract The use of intraspinal narcotics to relieve pain of malignant origin represents a great advance in cancer pain management. Implantation of subcutaneous intraspinal narcotic delivery systems for pain relief has been used with minimal complications. Occasionally problems arise. The purpose of this article is to review the various causes of reservior failure, their diagnosis, and the methods to correct them. 

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