A triphasic theory for the swelling and deformation behaviors of articular cartilage.

@article{Lai1991ATT,
  title={A triphasic theory for the swelling and deformation behaviors of articular cartilage.},
  author={W. M. Lai and J S Hou and Van C. Mow},
  journal={Journal of biomechanical engineering},
  year={1991},
  volume={113 3},
  pages={245-58}
}
Swelling of articular cartilage depends on its fixed charge density and distribution, the stiffness of its collagen-proteoglycan matrix, and the ion concentrations in the interstitium. A theory for a tertiary mixture has been developed, including the two fluid-solid phases (biphasic), and an ion phase, representing cation and anion of a single salt, to describe the deformation and stress fields for cartilage under chemical and/or mechanical loads. This triphasic theory combines the physico… CONTINUE READING
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