A top–down orthography change and language attitudes in the context of a language-loyal country

  title={A top–down orthography change and language attitudes in the context of a language-loyal country},
  author={Cyprien Niyomugabo and Valentin Uwizeyimana},
  journal={Language Policy},
Depending on different factors, aspects of human language such as orthography, lexicon, and pronunciation can change through bottom-up or top-down planning approaches. This article investigates Kinyarwanda language users’ attitudes towards Kinyarwanda orthography change, which was implemented on 13 October 2014 in Rwanda. It also discusses the effects of a top–down language policy approach on the speakers’ attitudes toward the change, and the impact which these language attitudes can have on… 
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