A third wave of autocratization is here: what is new about it?

@article{Lhrmann2019ATW,
  title={A third wave of autocratization is here: what is new about it?},
  author={Anna L{\"u}hrmann and Staffan I. Lindberg},
  journal={Democratization},
  year={2019},
  volume={26},
  pages={1095 - 1113}
}
ABSTRACT Less than 30 years after Fukuyama and others declared liberal democracy’s eternal dominance, a third wave of autocratization is manifest. Gradual declines of democratic regime attributes characterize contemporary autocratization. Yet, we lack the appropriate conceptual and empirical tools to diagnose and compare such elusive processes. Addressing that gap, this article provides the first comprehensive empirical overview of all autocratization episodes from 1900 to today based on data… Expand
Waves of autocratization and democratization: a rejoinder
ABSTRACT This is a response to Luca Tomini's “Don't think of a wave!” and Svend-Erik Skaaning's “Waves of autocratization and democratization”. With this rejoinder we make three arguments: First, theExpand
State of the world 2020: autocratization turns viral
ABSTRACT This article analyses the state of democracy in 2020. The world is still more democratic than it was in the 1970s and 1980s, but a trend of autocratization is ongoing and affecting 25Expand
State of the world 2019: autocratization surges – resistance grows
ABSTRACT This article analyses the state of democracy in the world in 2019. We demonstrate that the “third wave of autocratization” is accelerating and deepening. The dramatic loss of eightExpand
Waves of autocratization and democratization: a critical note on conceptualization and measurement
ABSTRACT Huntington famously distinguished between waves of democratization and de-democratization. Based on an alternative conceptualization of waves of regime change and novel data on episodes ofExpand
Studying autocratization in Turkey: political institutions, populism, and neoliberalism
Abstract In this review article I classify the literature on the Turkish political regime during Justice and Development Party rule as two waves of studies, and a potential third wave. The first waveExpand
Don’t think of a wave! A research note about the current autocratization debate
ABSTRACT One of the most fascinating developments in the recent comparative politics scholarship is undoubtedly the turn from the studies on the process of democratization to those on the oppositeExpand
Disrupting the autocratization sequence: towards democratic resilience
ABSTRACT Contemporary autocratization is typically the result of a long sequence of events and gradual processes. How can democratic actors disrupt such autocratization sequences in order to enhanceExpand
Walking the Talk: How to Identify Anti-Pluralist Parties
The recent increase of democratic declines around the world – “the third wave of autocratization” – has sparked a new generation of studies on the topic. Scholars agree that these days the mainExpand
Dependent development and authoritarian state capitalism: Democratic backsliding and the rise of the accumulative state in Hungary
Abstract Democracy is in crisis around the globe. Hungary was long heralded as a champion of political and economic liberalization in postsocialist Eastern Europe. However, the country recentlyExpand
How democracies prevail: democratic resilience as a two-stage process
TLDR
The results suggest that democracies are more resilient when strong judicial constraints on the executive are present and democratic institutions were strong in the past, and economic development is only associated with resilience to onset of autocratization, not to resilience against breakdown once autocrats begun. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 123 REFERENCES
Is Western Democracy Backsliding? Diagnosing the Risks
The predominantly sunny end-of-history optimism about democratic progress, evident in the late-1980s and early-1990s following the fall of the Berlin Wall, has turned rapidly into a more pessimisticExpand
Are dictatorships returning? Revisiting the ‘democratic rollback’ hypothesis
Since 2007 an increasing number of articles have diagnosed ‘freedom in retreat’ and predicted a ‘return to the authoritarian great powers’. Highly distinguished scholars warn against the ‘democraticExpand
A tale of culture-bound regime evolution: the centennial democratic trend and its recent reversal
ABSTRACT Using a new measure of “comprehensive democracy,” our analysis traces the global democratic trend over the last 116 years, from 1900 until 2016, looking in particular at the centennialExpand
Democracy in Retreat: The Revolt of the Middle Class and the Worldwide Decline of Representative Government
Since the end of the Cold War, the assumption among most political theorists has been that as nations develop economically, they will also become more democratic-especially if a vibrant middle classExpand
Reversing regimes and concepts: from democratization to autocratization
The debate on regime change has experienced a U-turn. Attention has shifted from the regime transitions occurred during the so-called third wave of democratization to the signals of an incipientExpand
State of the world 2017: autocratization and exclusion?
ABSTRACT This article presents evidence of a global trend of autocratization. The most visible feature of democracy – elections – remains strong and is even improving in some places. AutocratizationExpand
Facing Up to the Democratic Recession
Larry Diamond is founding coeditor of the Journal of Democracy, se- nior fellow at the Hoover Institution and the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University, andExpand
The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century
Between 1974 and 1990 more than 30 countries in Southern Europe, Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe shifted from authoritarian to democratic systems of government. This global democraticExpand
Explaining the Erosion of Democracy: Can Economic Growth Hinder Democracy?
Economic growth has become one of the leitmotivs academicians and pundits ask once and again to assess democratic endurance over time. While large portion of the literature posits that economicExpand
Successful and Failed Episodes of Democratization: Conceptualization, Identification, and Description
What explains successful democratization? Answering this requires that researchers identify not only countries that successfully transitioned to democracy, but also those that began toExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...