A thermodynamic explanation for black smoker temperatures

@article{Jupp2000ATE,
  title={A thermodynamic explanation for black smoker temperatures},
  author={Tim E. Jupp and Adam Schultz},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2000},
  volume={403},
  pages={880-883}
}
There is a remarkable difference between the maximum temperature of black smoker effluent (350 °C–400 °C) and the temperature of the solidifying magma which heats it (∼1,200 °C). It has been suspected for some time that the nonlinear thermodynamic properties of water might be responsible for this discrepancy. Here, we translate this hypothesis into a physical model, by examining the internal temperature structure of convection cells in a porous medium. We demonstrate that, at pressures… CONTINUE READING
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