A theory of motivation for some classroom experiences.

@article{Weiner1979ATO,
  title={A theory of motivation for some classroom experiences.},
  author={Bernard Weiner},
  journal={Journal of educational psychology},
  year={1979},
  volume={71 1},
  pages={
          3-25
        }
}
  • B. Weiner
  • Published 1 February 1979
  • Psychology
  • Journal of educational psychology
A theory of motivation based upon attributions of causality for success and failure is offered. The heart of the theory consists of an identification of the dimensions of causality and the relation of these underlying properties of causes to psychological consequences. Three central causal dimensions have been discerned: stability, locus, and control; these dimensions, respectively, are linked with expectancy change, esteem-related emotions, and interpersonal judgments. Within achievement… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

A review of attribution theory in achievement contexts
Attribution theory has proved to be a useful conceptual framework for the study of motivation in educational contexts. This article reviews a number of the major principles of attribution theory as
An attributional theory of achievement motivation and emotion.
TLDR
In this chapter a theory of motivation and emotion developed from an attributional perspective is presented, suggesting that causal attributions have been prevalent throughout history and in disparate cultures and some attributions dominate causal thinking.
Self efficacy.
  • B. Ootim
  • Psychology
    Nursing management
  • 2000
TLDR
This article discusses academic motivation in terms of one type of personal expectancy: self-efficacy, defined as "People's judgments of their capabilities to organize and execute courses of action required to attain designated types of performances" and discusses some efficacy research relevant to academic motivation.
Relationships Among Learning and Attribution Theory Motivational Variables
Among the factors contributing to our incomplete understanding of motivation in elementary school classrooms is that most motivational research is conducted within one of several independent or
Toward a Linking of otivational Theories
ABSTRACT: Motivation is.widely believed to be a critical component of the learning process in the elementary classroom,-but educatio'nal research has failed to substantiate this belief. To
The Theory and Measurement of the Self-Efficacy Construct
TLDR
Self-efficacy should be measured in terms of particularized judgments of capability that may vary across realms of activity, different levels of task demands within a given activity domain, and different situational circumstances.
ATTRIBUTION THEORY ANALYSIS OF PROBLEM CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR
In recent decades educational researchers and theorists have shown increased interest in attributional and related cognitive theories of motivation. This interest has focussed on academic achievement
Self-Efficacy and Academic Motivation
Academic motivation is discussed in terms of self-efficacy, an individual's judgments of his or her capabilities to perform given actions. After presenting an overview of self-efficacy theory, I
MOTIVATION AND SELF-REGULATION: PROCESSES INVOLVED AND CONTEXT EFFECTS A DISCUSSION
As the title of this special issue denotes, there are two concepts that are being brought together: motivation and self-regulation. The special issue, however, is focusing on the relations of these
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 94 REFERENCES
An attributional analysis of achievement motivation.
Six experiments arc reported which relate achievement motivation to causal ascription. The first three experiments revealed that the evaluation of achievement-related outcomes is positively related
5: An Attributional Approach for Educational Psychology
No specific body of knowledge fits neatly into one unique attribution "theory." Nonetheless, there are some central problems that guide the thoughts of all investigators in this field (e.g., Heider,
Children's Achievement Attributions and Self-reinforcement: Effects of Self-concept and Competitive Reward Structure.
This experiment studied how self-concept as a dispositional trait influences children's achievement attributions and reinforcing behaviors in the social context of a competing or a noncompeting
Effects of self-esteem, perceived performance, and choice on causal attributions.
  • G. Fitch
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1970
TLDR
Two partially contradictory hypotheses may be derived from self theory that persons are motivated to perceive events in a way which enhances chronic self-esteem and interpretation of event outcomes.
An Analysis of Learned Helplessness: Continuous Changes in Performance, Strategy, and Achievement Cognitions Following Failure.
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champa ign Helpless children show marked performance decrements under failure, whereas mastery-oriented children often show enhanced performance. Current theories
The role of expectations and attributions in the alleviation of learned helplessness.
The purpose of the investigation was to determine whether altering attributions for failure would enable learned helpless children to deal more effectively with failure in an experimental
A cognitive-developmental analysis of achievement and moral judgments.
300 Black and White subjects aged 4-18 made moral and achievement evaluative judgments in sixteen situations. The situations differed according to the intent (effort) and ability of the person being
Further Evidence Concerning the Effects of Perceptions of Effort and Ability on Achievement Evaluation.
In a series of investigation s reported by Weiner and Kukla (1970), the effects of the perceived causes of success and failure on achievement evaluation were assessed. The subjects in these studies
Cue utilization and attributional judgments for success and failure
Summary Two experiments are reported which examine causal attributions in achievement-related contexts Subjects were provided with information about an achievement-related activity (the immediate
...
...