A theory of medical decision making and health: fuzzy trace theory.

@article{Reyna2008ATO,
  title={A theory of medical decision making and health: fuzzy trace theory.},
  author={Valerie F. Reyna},
  journal={Medical decision making : an international journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making},
  year={2008},
  volume={28 6},
  pages={
          850-65
        }
}
The tenets of fuzzy trace theory are summarized with respect to their relevance to health and medical decision making. Illustrations are given for HIV prevention, cardiovascular disease, surgical risk, genetic risk, and cancer prevention and control. A core idea of fuzzy trace theory is that people rely on the gist of information, its bottom-line meaning, as opposed to verbatim details in judgment and decision making. This idea explains why precise information (e.g., about risk) is not… CONTINUE READING

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Numeracy, ratio bias, and denominator neglect in judgments of risk and probability

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