A taxonomic catalogue of the Dyspnoi Hansen and Sørensen, 1904 (Arachnida: Opiliones).

@article{Schnhofer2013ATC,
  title={A taxonomic catalogue of the Dyspnoi Hansen and S{\o}rensen, 1904 (Arachnida: Opiliones).},
  author={Axel L. Sch{\"o}nhofer},
  journal={Zootaxa},
  year={2013},
  volume={3679},
  pages={
          1-68
        }
}
An update of the systematics and determination key of the Opiliones suborder Dyspnoi is provided. The included catalogue represents the first comprehensive species and synonymy listing since Roewer (1923). It summarises all taxonomic changes to date and attempts to be a sound basis against the exponential growing number of online errors, for which examples are given. Species taxonomy features most obvious changes within the Nemastomatidae. The number of species in the collective genus Nemastoma… 
Polyphyly of Caddoidea, reinstatement of the family Acropsopilionidae in Dyspnoi, and a revised classification system of Palpatores (Arachnida, Opiliones)
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TLDR
A phylogenetic study of minute arachnids from most of the landmasses inhabited by Caddidae and a new phylogenetic proposal for Eupnoi and Dyspnoi is proposed, suggesting that the ancestral Palpatores was probably a tiny harvestman with an enlarged ocularium and glandular palpal setae in its enlarged and armed palps.
Conspecificity of semaphoronts – the synonymy of Metadiscocyrtus with Propachylus (Opiliones: Laniatores: Gonyleptidae)
TLDR
The harvestman genus Propachylus Roewer, 1913 is herein revalidated from the synonymy of Discocyrtus Holmberg, 1878 and the males and females of this species are considered congeneric for the first time.
On Starengovia Snegovaya, a genus of Asian nemastomatines (Arachnida: Opiliones: Nemastomatidae)
Two species of the genus Starengovia Snegovaya, 2010 from Kyrgyzstan and Pakistan are characterized; S. kirgizica Snegovaya, 2010 is redescribed and S. ivanloebli proposed as a new species. They
Molecules and morphology reveal a new aberrant harvestman genus of Ortholasmatinae (Opiliones, Dypsnoi, Nemastomatidae) from Mexico
TLDR
This study represents the first molecular hypothesis of Ortholasmatinae relationships, with Cryptolasma as the sister of the remaining ortholasmatine, and the results suggest Ruaxphilos petrukenvitchou Goodnight & Goodnight, 1945 is a nomina dubia.
Zoogeographical Notes on Different Orders of Arachnida
The distribution of some orders of Arachnida is determined by the preferred temperature of their environment (i.e., thermopreferendum). Thermophilic orders (i.e., those that live at high
Systems of Arachnida
TLDR
It seems well established that the class Arachnida (Lamarck 1801) is composed of 10 recent orders plus 2–6 orders of “Acari” and variable number of fossil taxa.
Nemaspela borkoae sp. nov. (Opiliones: Nemastomatidae), the second species of the genus from the Dinaric Karst
Nemaspela Silhavý, 1966 (Opiliones: Nemastomatidae) is a genus of exclusively troglobiotic harvestmen species inhabiting caves in the Crimea, Caucasus and Balkan Peninsula. In this paper, Nemaspela
Hidden diversity within the Nemastoma bidentatum Roewer, 1914 complex (Opiliones: Nemastomatidae) Part I: Morphological evidence
Nemastoma bidentatum Roewer, 1914 is a complex of closely related litter-dwelling harvestmen, characterized by a penis glans with two pairs of lateral lancet-like spines, and a femur IV with a
A new species of Lacinius in amber (Arachnida: Opiliones)
TLDR
The new specimen reveals pedipalpal apophyses on both the patella and the tibia, features which can now confirm in the Bitterfeld fossil too, and justifies a new, extinct species of Lacinius bizleyi sp.
Molecular phylogeny, biogeographic history, and evolution of cave-dwelling taxa in the European harvestman genus Ischyropsalis (Opiliones: Dyspnoi)
TLDR
An algorithmic VIP analysis of historical biogeographic patterns for Ischyropsalis species revealed patterns consistent with a vicariance-dominated history, and molecular phylogenetic data suggest that cave-dwelling species have evolved multiple times independently.
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References

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The Centetostoma scabriculum complex—a group of three cryptic species (Arachnida: Opiliones: Nemastomatidae)
TLDR
Though partly sympatric in their restricted Pyrenean area, the individual species are found to be small-scale allopatric; only twice have two species been found in syntopy in narrowly circumscribed localities.
The enigmatic Alpine opilionid Saccarella schilleri gen. n., sp. n. (Arachnida: Nemastomatidae)—isolated systematic placement inferred from comparative genital morphology
TLDR
A newly discovered species from Monte Saccarello in the Ligurian Alps of North-western Italy is unique in providing anchor points as stabilizing parts of the distal truncus cane below the glans by short and narrow lateral folds, and the creation of a new genus seems justified.
Identity and identification of Trogulus banaticus (Opiliones: Trogulidae) - a neglected species in the Northern Balkans
TLDR
T. banaticus Avram, 1971 is characterised and recorded as new for Slovenia, which was previously mistaken for T. coriziformis C. Koch, 1839 and T. graecus Dahl, 1903 which were later rejected from the Slovenian fauna.
A cladistic analysis of the opilionid superfamily Ischyropsalidoidea, with descriptions of the new family Ceratolasmatidae, the new genus Acuclavella, and four new species
A cladistic analysis ofthe opilionid superfamily Ischyropsalidoidea revealed three groups of genera, each probably monophyletic, and recognized here as families. The family Ischyropsalididae Simon is
Three new species in the harvestmen genus Acuclavella (Opiliones, Dyspnoi, Ischyropsalidoidea), including description of male Acuclavella quattuor Shear, 1986
TLDR
A multi-locus phylogeny corroborates a sister relationship between Acuclavella and Ceratolasma, as hypothesized using morphology by Shear (1986) and morphometric clusters and reciprocal allelic monophyly allows recognition of three additional species.
Revision of the genus Trogulus Latreille: the Trogulus coriziformis species-group of the western Mediterranean (Opiliones : Trogulidae)
TLDR
Within Trogulus, the molecular genetic data support monophyly and basal placement of the Trogulus coriziformis species-group, confined to the western Mediterranean area and its species are allopatrically distributed.
On the identity of Ischyropsalis dentipalpis Canestrini, 1872 and description of Ischyropsalis lithoclasica sp. n. (Opiliones: Ischyropsalididae)
TLDR
A population from Bergamo Province, Italy, formerly assigned to I. dentipalpis (sensu Martens 1978), is here regarded as a different species and described under the name Ischyropsalis lithoclasica sp.
Rare and endemic harvestmen (Opiliones, Arachnida) species from the Balkan Peninsula I. On Mediostoma stussineri (SIMON 1885) (Nemastomatidae) - a new species and genus for the Bulgarian fauna
TLDR
The presence of Mediostoma stussineri (SIMON 1885) in the Bulgarian fauna is recorded for the first time and this species may be classified as related to stationary-type Pontomediterranean faunistic elements.
Revision of the genus Trogulus Latreille: the morphologically divergent Trogulus torosus species‐group of the Balkan Peninsula (Opiliones: Dyspnoi: Trogulidae)
TLDR
Within the species-rich European harvestman genus Trogulus, strong affiliations with subterranean habitats exist and are discussed, and Morphometric data are shown to be not only useful for species discrimination but also for species-group delineation.
Phylogeny of Opiliones (Arachnida): An Assessment of the "Cyphopalpatores" Concept
TLDR
Analysis of relationships among the major lineages of Opiliones using both genitalic and non-genitalic char- acters reaffirms the observation that a given hypothesis of character evolution can be consistent with several phylogenetic hypotheses and that an empirically robust phylogenetic analysis should include more than one character system.
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