A tale of four countries: How Bowlby used his trip through Europe to write the WHO report and spread his ideas

  title={A tale of four countries: How Bowlby used his trip through Europe to write the WHO report and spread his ideas},
  author={Frank C. P. Horst and Karin Zetterqvist Nelson and Lenny van Rosmalen and Ren{\'e} van der Veer},
  journal={Journal of The History of The Behavioral Sciences},
Attachment theory, developed by child psychiatrist John Bowlby, is considered a major theory in developmental psychology. Attachment theory can be seen as resulting from Bowlby's personal experiences, his psychoanalytic education, his subsequent study of ethology, and societal developments during the 1930s and 1940s. One of those developments was the outbreak of World War II and its effects on children's psychological wellbeing. In 1950, Bowlby was appointed WHO consultant to study the needs of… 
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The ontogeny of an idea: John Bowlby and contemporaries on mother-child separation.

In this contribution, the authors situate the development of Bowlby’s attachment theory against the background of the social, cultural, and scientific developments in interbellum Britain. It is shown


  • Bican Polat
  • Psychology
    Journal of the history of the behavioral sciences
  • 2017
This article traces the formation of attachment theory to the pioneering research program of Bowlby and his colleagues at the Tavistock Clinic between 1948 and 1956, and examines the efforts of his team to reconstruct psychoanalytic objects according to preventive objectives and operational criteria.

Between love and aggression: the politics of John Bowlby

While much has been written on the work of the psychoanalyst John Bowlby, little comment has been made on his political activities and how they related to his theorizing. In his work it can be seen

John Bowlby and ethology: An annotated interview with Robert Hinde

Abstract From the 1950s, John Bowlby, one of the founders of attachment theory, was in personal and scientific contact with leading European scientists in the field of ethology (e.g., Niko Tinbergen,

FROM SECURE DEPENDENCY TO ATTACHMENT: Mary Ainsworth’s Integration of Blatz’s Security Theory Into Bowlby’s Attachment Theory

John Bowlby is generally regarded as the founder of attachment theory, with the help of Mary Ainsworth. Through her Uganda and Baltimore studies Ainsworth provided empirical evidence for attachment

John Bowlby på besök i 1950-talets Sverige - en udda fågel i svensk barnpsykiatri

The mismatch between John Bowlby and post-war Swedish child psychiatry: Account of a research visit In the first half of 1950, the British psychiatrist and psychoanalyst John Bowlby visited France,

Changing attitudes towards the care of children in hospital: a new assessment of the influence of the work of Bowlby and Robertson in the UK, 1940-1970.

It is argued that the picture of Bowlby and Robertson's work in changing the hospital conditions for young children was incomplete and that, historically, things were rather more intricate.

John Bowlby : from psychoanalysis to ethology : unraveling the roots of attachment theory

About the Author. Foreword (Professor Jerome Kagan). Acknowledgments. Introduction. 1 Biographical Notes and Early Career. 2 Loneliness in Infancy: The WHO Report and Issues of Separation. 3 Working

“When Strangers Meet”: John Bowlby and Harry Harlow on Attachment Behavior

From 1957 through the mid-1970s, John Bowlby, one of the founders of attachment theory, was in close personal and scientific contact with Harry Harlow and the cross-fertilization of their work are described.

Separation and divergence: the untold story of James Robertson's and John Bowlby's theoretical dispute on mother-child separation.

The work of Robertson and Bowlby is generally seen as complementary, Robertson being the practically oriented observer and Bowlby focusing on theoretical explanations for Robertson's observations.