A systematic review of the neurophysiology of mindfulness on EEG oscillations

@article{Lomas2015ASR,
  title={A systematic review of the neurophysiology of mindfulness on EEG oscillations},
  author={Tim Lomas and Itai Ivtzan and Cynthia H. Y. Fu},
  journal={Neuroscience \& Biobehavioral Reviews},
  year={2015},
  volume={57},
  pages={401-410}
}
Mindfulness meditation has been purported to be a beneficial practice for wellbeing. It would therefore be expected that the neurophysiology of mindfulness would reflect this impact on wellbeing. However, investigations of the effects of mindfulness have generated mixed reports of increases, decreases, as well as no differences in EEG oscillations in comparison with a resting state and a variety of tasks. We have performed a systematic review of EEG studies of mindfulness meditation in order to… Expand
Brain Activity in Mindfulness Depends on Experience: a Meta-Analysis of fMRI Studies
Mindfulness and mindful meditation have become widely used approaches in clinical psychology. The growing use of these techniques has increased demand in research examining the foundations ofExpand
Efficacy of Neurofeedback on the Increase of Mindfulness-Related Capacities in Healthy Individuals: a Controlled Trial
Electroencephalogram (EEG) studies of mindfulness have shown it can lead to increases in alpha power, which are similar to those obtained by alpha-based neurofeedback (NF) interventions. It has beenExpand
The Impacts of Mindfulness on Heart Rate Variability: A Brief Review
TLDR
It proved that increased SDNN, RMSDD and HF were associated with better parasympathetic function and well-being and Heart Rate Variability metrics can be useful indices for the evaluation of mindfulness studies. Expand
Robot-Assisted Mindfulness Practice: Analysis of Neurophysiological Responses and Affective State Change
TLDR
This study is the first to report EEG changes during mindfulness practice with a robot, suggesting that EEG responses during robot-guided meditation hold promise in real-time detection and neurofeedback of mindful state to the user. Expand
The impact of mindfulness on the wellbeing and performance of educators: A systematic review of the empirical literature
Abstract Given the potentially demanding nature of teaching, efforts are underway to develop practices that can improve the wellbeing of educators, including interventions based on mindfulnessExpand
Change in brain oscillations as a mechanism of mindfulness-meditation, cognitive therapy, and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for chronic low back pain.
TLDR
Electroencephalography- (EEG-) assessed brain oscillation changes as potential mechanisms of cognitive therapy, mindfulness-meditation, and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for CLBP provide support for the capacity of psychological CLBP treatments to induce changes in brain activity. Expand
Effects of mindfulness on psychological and psychophysiological responses during self-paced walking.
TLDR
The present findings indicate that MF was sufficiently potent to reallocate attention toward task-related thoughts, downregulate perceived activation, and enhance affective responses to a greater degree than the other two conditions. Expand
Contrasting Electroencephalography-Derived Entropy and Neural Oscillations With Highly Skilled Meditators
TLDR
To identify the electrophysiological correlates of meditation practice, the electrical brain activity of highly skilled meditators engaging in one of six meditation styles was recorded and electroencephalography correlates of different meditative practices were studied. Expand
The impact of mindfulness on well-being and performance in the workplace: an inclusive systematic review of the empirical literature
ABSTRACT Work can be demanding, imposing challenges that can be detrimental to the physical and mental health of workers. Efforts are therefore underway to develop practices and initiatives that mayExpand
Positive Effects of Mindfulness-Based Training on Energy Maintenance and the EEG Correlates of Sustained Attention in a Cohort of Nurses
TLDR
The data suggest that sustained attention and its associated costs may be negatively affected over time in the nursing profession, but that regular attendance of MBT may help to attenuate these effects. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 153 REFERENCES
Approaching dysphoric mood: State-effects of mindfulness meditation on frontal brain asymmetry
TLDR
A significant shift in mid-frontal asymmetry, yielding a pattern indicative of approach motivation, was observed in the mindfulness support group, specifically during the meditation period, indicating that mindfulness meditation may have a transient beneficial effect, which enables patients to take an approach-related motivational stance, particularly under circumstances of risk. Expand
Regular, brief mindfulness meditation practice improves electrophysiological markers of attentional control
TLDR
It is suggested that mindfulness meditation may alter the efficiency of allocating cognitive resources, leading to improved self-regulation of attention, and foster changes in neuronal activity related to attentional control. Expand
Meditation, mindfulness and executive control: the importance of emotional acceptance and brain-based performance monitoring.
TLDR
Mediation pathway models revealed that meditation practice relates to greater executive control and that this effect can be accounted for by heightened emotional acceptance, and to a lesser extent, increased brain-based performance monitoring. Expand
Experienced Mindfulness Meditators Exhibit Higher Parietal-Occipital EEG Gamma Activity during NREM Sleep
TLDR
Findings indicate that meditation practice produces measurable changes in spontaneous brain activity, and suggest that EEG gamma activity during sleep represents a sensitive measure of the long-lasting, plastic effects of meditative training on brain function. Expand
Individual Trait Anxiety Levels Characterizing the Properties of Zen Meditation
TLDR
It is suggested that lower trait anxietyMore readily induces meditation with a predominance of internalized attention, while higher trait anxiety more readily induces Meditation with a majority of relaxation. Expand
Decreased electrophysiological activity represents the conscious state of emptiness in meditation
TLDR
The findings indicate that a conscious state of TE reached by experienced meditators is characterized by reduced high-frequency brain processing with simultaneous reduction of the low frequencies, which suggests that such a state of meditative conscious awareness might be different from higher cognitive and mentally focused states but also from states of sleep and drowsiness. Expand
Increased theta and alpha EEG activity during nondirective meditation.
TLDR
The findings from this study suggest that nondirective meditation techniques alter theta and alpha EEG patterns significantly more than regular relaxation, in a manner that is perhaps similar to methods based on mindfulness or concentration. Expand
Quantitative change of EEG and respiration signals during mindfulness meditation
TLDR
Support vector machine (SVM) classifier with EEG and respiration feature vector is a viable objective marker for meditation ability and should be able to quantify different levels of meditation depth and meditation experience in future studies. Expand
Lower trait frontal theta activity in mindfulness meditators.
TLDR
It is suggested that this finding is a neural correlate of the expert practitioners' ability to limit the processing of unnecessary information and increase the awareness of the essential content of the present experience. Expand
Electroencephalographic (EEG) Measurements of Mindfulness-based Triarchic Body-pathway Relaxation Technique: A Pilot Study
TLDR
Examination of the EEG pattern generated during the practice of this mindfulness exercise provided evidence to support that the TBRT gives rise to positive emotional experience, accompanied by focused internalized attention. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...