A systematic review and meta-analysis of exercise interventions in schizophrenia patients

  title={A systematic review and meta-analysis of exercise interventions in schizophrenia patients},
  author={Joseph Firth and Jack Cotter and Rebecca Elliott and Paul French and Alison Ruth Yung},
  journal={Psychological Medicine},
  pages={1343 - 1361}
Background The typically poor outcomes of schizophrenia could be improved through interventions that reduce cardiometabolic risk, negative symptoms and cognitive deficits; aspects of the illness which often go untreated. The present review and meta-analysis aimed to establish the effectiveness of exercise for improving both physical and mental health outcomes in schizophrenia patients. Method We conducted a systematic literature search to identify all studies that examined the physical or… 

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Physical exercises have a positive effect on psychotic symptoms and specific social functioning areas and should be considered as an integral part in the hospital routine of patients with schizophrenia.

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Although studies included in this review are small and used various measures of physical and mental health, results indicated that regular exercise programmes are possible in this population, and that they can have healthful effects on both the physical andmental health and well-being of individuals with schizophrenia.

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The psychosocial treatment of schizophrenia: an update.

Relatively simple, long-term psychoeducational family therapy should be available to the majority of persons suffering from schizophrenia and assertive community training programs ought to be offered to patients with frequent relapses and hospitalizations.

The Health Benefits and Challenges of Exercise Training in Persons Living with Schizophrenia: A Pilot Study

An individualized exercise program has shown early promise for the treatment of schizophrenia and the various cognitive, functional, and physiological impairments that ultimately affect health and well-being.

Health promotion lifestyle interventions for weight management in psychosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

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Two key hypotheses were identified: in general, there is no difference in cardiovascular risk assessed by weight or metabolic indices between individuals with an untreated first episode of psychosis and healthy controls and cardiovascular risk increases after first exposure to any antipsychotic drug.

Aerobic Exercise and Neurocognitive Performance: A Meta-Analytic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Aerobic exercise training is associated with modest improvements in attention and processing speed, executive function, and memory, although the effects of exercise on working memory are less consistent.

Exercise parameters in the treatment of clinical depression: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

The current evidence base supports a prescription of three 30-minute sessions per week of aerobic exercise at 60-80% of maximum heart rate for at least 8 weeks, which is currently the primary research on this topic.