A systematic review and meta-analysis of medium-chain triglycerides effects on acute satiety and food intake

@article{Maher2020ASR,
  title={A systematic review and meta-analysis of medium-chain triglycerides effects on acute satiety and food intake},
  author={T. Maher and M. Clegg},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition},
  year={2020},
  volume={61},
  pages={636 - 648}
}
  • T. Maher, M. Clegg
  • Published 2020
  • Medicine
  • Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Abstract Research has indicated that consuming medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) may be more satiating than consuming long-chain triglycerides (LCT) potentially causing a reduction in energy intake. However not all studies have demonstrated this acute reduction in energy intake and it has yet to be systematically reviewed. Our main objective was to examine how ingestion of MCT influences energy intake, subjective appetite ratings and appetite-related hormones compared to LCT. Web of Science… Expand
2 Citations
New perspective toward nutritional support for malnourished cancer patients: Role of lipids.
TLDR
This review study provides a new direction for future research on nutritional support and the development of lipid-rich formula foods for cancer patients, and probably will help to improve the efficacy of lipids in the treatment of cancer malnutrition. Expand
Natural Compounds With Antibacterial Activity Against Cronobacter spp. in Powdered Infant Formula: A Review
TLDR
The present review provides a comprehensive summary of currently available data pertaining to the antibacterial effects of natural antimicrobial compounds against Cronobacter spp. Expand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
Impact of medium and long chain triglycerides consumption on appetite and food intake in overweight men
TLDR
MCT consumption reduced food intake acutely but this does not seem to be mediated by changes in GLP-1, PYY and insulin, and relations between differences in hormone levels and differences in food intake were in the opposite direction to expectations. Expand
Fatty acid chain length, postprandial satiety and food intake in lean men
TLDR
It is concluded that there was no evidence that fatty acid chain length has an effect on measures of appetite and food intake when assessed following a single high-fat test meal in lean participants. Expand
Dietary lipids with potential to affect satiety: Mechanisms and evidence
  • T. Maher, M. Clegg
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Critical reviews in food science and nutrition
  • 2019
TLDR
The evidence suggests that the lipid with the most potential to enhance satiety is MCT, and research comparing these lipids to each other should be explored to elucidate which of these ‘functional lipids’ is the most beneficial in enhancing satiety. Expand
Physiological effects of medium-chain triglycerides: potential agents in the prevention of obesity.
TLDR
From the literature reviewed, it is concluded that MCT increase energy expenditure, may result in faster satiety and facilitate weight control when included in the diet as a replacement for fats containing LCT. Expand
Medium-chain triglycerides and conjugated linoleic acids in beverage form increase satiety and reduce food intake in humans.
TLDR
Both CLA and MCT increased satiety and reduced energy intake, indicating a potential role in aiding the maintenance of energy balance, and no significant differences in satiety from visual analog scale scores. Expand
The role of long chain fatty acids in regulating food intake and cholecystokinin release in humans
TLDR
Generation of long chain fatty acids through hydrolysis of fat is a critical step for fat induced inhibition of food intake; the signal is mediated via CCK-A receptors. Expand
Influence of medium-chain and long-chain triacylglycerols on the control of food intake in men.
TLDR
MCTs decreased food intake by a postabsorptive mechanism, although the exact effect of these lipids on carbohydrate oxidation will require further studies involving nutrient balance measurements. Expand
The effect of physiological levels of glucagon-like peptide-1 on appetite, gastric emptying, energy and substrate metabolism in obesity
TLDR
It is concluded that GLP-1 in physiological concentrations powerfully reduces the rate of entry of nutrients into the circulation by a reduction of gastric emptying rate in obese subjects and may be beneficial in weight reduction. Expand
Value of VLCD supplementation with medium chain triglycerides
TLDR
Replacement of LCT by MCT in the VLCD increased the rate of decrease of body fat and body weight and has a sparing effect on FFM. Expand
Food intake in dieters and nondieters after a liquid meal containing medium-chain triglycerides.
TLDR
Although MCT can reduce short-term food intake in some individuals, further experiments are required to establish the possible benefit of MCT in weight control. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...