A synthesis of our current knowledge of philometrid nematodes, a group of increasingly important fish parasites.

@article{Moravec2013ASO,
  title={A synthesis of our current knowledge of philometrid nematodes, a group of increasingly important fish parasites.},
  author={Franti{\vs}ek Moravec and Isaure de Buron},
  journal={Folia parasitologica},
  year={2013},
  volume={60 2},
  pages={
          81-101
        }
}
Members of the Philometridae represent the most important group of dracunculoid nematodes parasitizing fishes. In his monograph treating the Dracunculoidea, Moravec (2006) reported a total of 11 genera and 105 species of philometrids parasitizing freshwater, brackish-water and marine fishes. However, during the last six years (2007-2012), an additional 42 new species of Philometridae have been described, representing a 40% increase of the number of nominal species. Most of these species (30… 
Description of Two New Species of Philometra Costa, 1845 (Nematoda: Philometridae) from Marine Fishes off Japan, with Notes on Philometroides seriolae (Yamaguti, 1935)
TLDR
The present study extends the knowledge of the species composition of philometrids parasitizing marine fishes and of the morphology of P. seriolae, the type species of Philometroides Yamaguti, 1935.
Philometrids (Nematoda: Philometridae) in carangid and serranid fishes off New Caledonia, including three new species
TLDR
Three new species of philometrid nematodes (Philometridae) parasitising carangid and serranid fishes off New Caledonia, South Pacific are revealed, including three new species characterised mainly by the length and structure of the spicules and gubernaculum, body size, their location in the host and the type of host.
First description of the male of Philometroides acreanensis and phylogenetic assessment of Philometridae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) suggest instability of some taxa.
TLDR
The male of Philometroides acreanensis, parasitic in the anterior intestine external wall of the freshwater catfish Pimelodus blochii, from the Brazilian Amazon, is described for the first time and new morphological data strengthened the validity of the species as well as its first genetic characterization.
First description of male Philometra thaiensis Moravec, Fiala et Dyková, 2004 (Nematoda: Philometridae) from the body cavity of the eyespot pufferfish Tetraodon biocellatus Tirant, and evolutionary relationships of this species with other dracunculoids as inferred from SSU rRNA gene sequences
TLDR
Based on the molecular data, there are some genera (Philometra, Philometroides, Clavinema, and Margolisianum [genus inquirendum]) requiring further morphological re-evaluation that should be supported with molecular data.
New records of philometrids (Nematoda: Philometridae) from marine fishes off Australia, including description of four new species and erection of Digitiphilometroides gen. n.
TLDR
Six species of the Philometridae were recorded from marine fishes off the northern coast of Australia in 2015 and 2016, with new gonad-infecting species, P. arafurensis and P. mawsonae, characterised mainly by the length of spicules and structure of the gubernaculum, whereas P. papillicaudata is established based on the presence of unique digital cuticular ornamentations on the female body.
Gonad-infecting species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from groupers Epinephelus spp. (Osteichthyes: Serranidae) in the Bay of Bengal, India
TLDR
Two new and one specifically not identified gonad-infecting species of Philometra Costa, 1845 (Nematoda: Philometridae) are described from the ovary of marine fishes of the genus Epinephelus Bloch in the Bay of Bengal.
Records of two gonad-infecting species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from marine fishes off Iraq, including the description of Philometra parabrevicollis n. sp. from the bigeye snapper Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch (Pisces, Lutjanidae)
TLDR
The description of this new species again confirms a high degree of host specificity of gonad-infecting species of Philometra in congeneric lutjanid hosts, and its subgravid females are described for the first time.
Two gonad-infecting species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from marine fishes off the northern coast of Australia
Two different gonad-infecting species of Philometra Costa, 1845 were collected from the ovary of marine perciform fishes, the blackspotted croaker Protonibea diacanthus (Sciaenidae) and the John’s
New records of species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from marine fishes off New Caledonia, including P. cephalopholidis sp. n. from Cephalopholis sonnerati (Serranidae)
TLDR
Philometra cephalopholidis is the sixth nominal species of this genus recorded from fishes off New Caledonia and the thirteenth species of these parasites described from fishes of the family Serranidae.
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TLDR
Three new species of nematodes of the genus Philometra Costa, South Pacific, carried out in 2003–2006, are yielded, including the following three new species: P. cyanopodi sp.
New data on dracunculoid nematodes from fishes off New Caledonia, including four new species of Philometra (Philometridae) and Ichthyofilaria (Guyanemidae).
TLDR
Four new species of dracunculoid nematodes of the genera Philometra Costa, 1845 (Philometridae) and Ichthyofilaria Yamaguti, 1935 (Guyanemidae) are revealed, characterized mainly by the length and structure of spicules and the gubernaculum, body size, location in the host and by the type of hosts.
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TLDR
A new nematode species is described from female specimens found in the oculo-orbits and nasal cavity of the red piranha Pygocentrus nattereri Kner (Characiformes: Characidae) from five lakes in Central Amazonia, Brazil, collected in 2008 and 2009.
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TLDR
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TLDR
Five new species of the Philometridae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) are described from female specimens collected from marine fishes off the southwestern coast of Java, Indonesia, the only nominal philometrid species recorded from Indonesian waters.
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1. Characters of taxonomic value in the family Philometridae are discussed; the important structures taken into account are the cuticle, cephalic papillae, oesophagus and the tail of the parasite. 2.
Philometrids (Nematoda: Philometridae) from fishes of Lake Turkana, Kenya, including two new species of Philometra and erection of Afrophilometra gen. n.
TLDR
Four species of the Philometridae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) were recorded from freshwater fishes of Lake Turkana, northwestern Kenya in 2007-2008, including a new species P. lati, characterized mainly by the presence of distinct oesophageal teeth, absence of large cephalic lobes and caudal projections, and by a combination of other features.
New Observations on Philometrid Nematodes (Philometridae) in Marine Fishes from the Northern Gulf of Mexico and the Indian River Lagoon of Florida (Usa), with First Description of the Male of Caranginema americanum
TLDR
The male of C. americanum, the type species of Caranginema Moravec, Montoya-Mendoza, and Salgado-Maldonado, 2008, is described for the first time and general morphology is similar to that of males of Philometra and Philometroides species.
Some aspects of the taxonomy and biology of dracunculoid nematodes parasitic in fishes: a review.
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    Folia parasitologica
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TLDR
It is apparent that the present classification system of dracunculoids as a whole does not reflect phylogenetic relationships and a taxonomic revision of this nematode group, based on detailed morphological, life history and molecular studies of individual species, is quite necessary.
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