A survey on pneumatic muscle actuators modeling

  title={A survey on pneumatic muscle actuators modeling},
  author={E. Kelasidi and George Andrikopoulos and George Nikolakopoulos and Stamatis Manesis},
  journal={2011 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics},
The aim of this article is to provide a survey on the most popular modeling approaches for Pneumatic Muscle Actuators (PMAs). PMAs are highly non-linear pneumatic actuators where their elongation is proportional to the interval pressure. During the last decade, there has been an increase in the industrial and scientific utilization of PMAs, due to their advantages such as high strength and small weight, while various types of PMAs with different technical characteristics have been appeared in… CONTINUE READING
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