A supplementary contribution of ants in the pollination of an orchid, Epipactis thunbergii, usually pollinated by hover flies

@article{Sugiura2005ASC,
  title={A supplementary contribution of ants in the pollination of an orchid, Epipactis thunbergii, usually pollinated by hover flies},
  author={Naoto Sugiura and Satoshi Miyazaki and Shinsuke Nagaishi},
  journal={Plant Systematics and Evolution},
  year={2005},
  volume={258},
  pages={17-26}
}
It has been controversial how extensively ants contribute to pollination, and we evaluated the contribution of the Japanese carpenter ant, Camponotus japonicus, to the pollination of an orchid, Epipactis thunbergii. Two-year field studies revealed that (1) the ant workers foraged even in cool/cloudy conditions and accordingly visited orchid flowers more frequently (about 40% of all the visitors) than hover flies, the principle pollinators (10–20%), and that (2) the flower-visiting ants… CONTINUE READING