A study of lip movements during spontaneous dialog and its application to voice activity detection.

Abstract

This paper presents a quantitative and comprehensive study of the lip movements of a given speaker in different speech/nonspeech contexts, with a particular focus on silences (i.e., when no sound is produced by the speaker). The aim is to characterize the relationship between "lip activity" and "speech activity" and then to use visual speech information as a voice activity detector (VAD). To this aim, an original audiovisual corpus was recorded with two speakers involved in a face-to-face spontaneous dialog, although being in separate rooms. Each speaker communicated with the other using a microphone, a camera, a screen, and headphones. This system was used to capture separate audio stimuli for each speaker and to synchronously monitor the speaker's lip movements. A comprehensive analysis was carried out on the lip shapes and lip movements in either silence or nonsilence (i.e., speech+nonspeech audible events). A single visual parameter, defined to characterize the lip movements, was shown to be efficient for the detection of silence sections. This results in a visual VAD that can be used in any kind of environment noise, including intricate and highly nonstationary noises, e.g., multiple and/or moving noise sources or competing speech signals.

DOI: 10.1121/1.3050257

Cite this paper

@article{Sodoyer2009ASO, title={A study of lip movements during spontaneous dialog and its application to voice activity detection.}, author={David Sodoyer and Bertrand Rivet and Laurent Girin and Christophe Savariaux and Jean-Luc Schwartz and Christian Jutten}, journal={The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America}, year={2009}, volume={125 2}, pages={1184-96} }