A study of injection locking and pulling in oscillators

@article{Razavi2004ASO,
  title={A study of injection locking and pulling in oscillators},
  author={B.. Razavi},
  journal={IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits},
  year={2004},
  volume={39},
  pages={1415-1424}
}
  • B.. Razavi
  • Published 2004 in IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
Injection locking characteristics of oscillators are derived and a graphical analysis is presented that describes injection pulling in time and frequency domains. An identity obtained from phase and envelope equations is used to express the requisite oscillator nonlinearity and interpret phase noise reduction. The behavior of phase-locked oscillators under injection pulling is also formulated. 
Highly Influential
This paper has highly influenced 58 other papers. REVIEW HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL CITATIONS
Highly Cited
This paper has 682 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS

Citations

Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 495 extracted citations

Frequency Enhancement in Miller Divider with Injection-Locking Portrait

2017 30th International Conference on VLSI Design and 2017 16th International Conference on Embedded Systems (VLSID) • 2017
View 9 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

A 5.8-GHz DSRC Transceiver With a 10-$\mu{\hbox {A}}$ Interference-Aware Wake-Up Receiver for the Chinese ETCS

IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques • 2014
View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

An Architecture for Large-Area Sensor Acquisition Using Frequency-Hopping ZnO TFT DCOs

IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits • 2018
View 4 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Analytical Approach for SiGe HBT Static Frequency Divider Design for Millimeter-Wave Frequency Operation

IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques • 2018
View 4 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Effects of Noisy and Modulated Interferers on the Free-Running Oscillator Spectrum

IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques • 2018
View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

A C-band wide locking range injection locked oscillator based phase shifter

2017 IEEE International Conference on Microwaves, Antennas, Communications and Electronic Systems (COMCAS) • 2017
View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Comparison of tunability and phase noise associated with injection locked three staged single and differential ended VCOs in 90nm CMOS

2017 Fourth International Conference on Signal Processing, Communication and Networking (ICSCN) • 2017
View 4 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

683 Citations

050'03'06'10'14'18
Citations per Year
Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 683 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

References

Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 15 references

A study of locking phenomena in oscillators,

R. Adler
Proc. IEEE, • 1973
View 7 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

On the output spectrum of unlocked driven oscillators,

M. Armand
Proc. IEEE, • 1969
View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Theoretical explanation of the output spectra of unlocked driven oscillators,

H. L. Stover
Proc. IEEE, • 1966
View 4 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Design of Integrated Circuits for Optical Communications

B. Razavi
New York: McGraw-Hill • 2002
View 2 Excerpts

A low-phase-noise CMOS LC oscillator with a ring structure

2000 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers (Cat. No.00CH37056) • 2000
View 1 Excerpt

A 6.5 GHz monolithic CMOS voltage-controlled oscillator

1999 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers. ISSCC. First Edition (Cat. No.99CH36278) • 1999
View 1 Excerpt

A 900 MHz CMOS LC-oscillator with quadrature outputs

1996 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of TEchnical Papers, ISSCC • 1996
View 1 Excerpt

A high-frequency electronically tunable quadrature oscillator,

C.J.M. Verhoeven
IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, • 1992
View 1 Excerpt

Frequency Synthesizers

V. Manassewitsch
3rd ed. New York: Wiley • 1987
View 1 Excerpt

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…