A stepwise mechanism for acetylcholine receptor channel gating.


Muscle contraction is triggered by the opening of acetylcholine receptors at the vertebrate nerve-muscle synapse. The M2 helix of this allosteric membrane protein lines the channel, and contains a 'gate' that regulates the flow of ions through the pore. We used single-molecule kinetic analysis to probe the transition state of the gating conformational change and estimate the relative timing of M2 motions in the alpha-subunit of the murine acetylcholine receptor. This analysis produces a 'Phi-value' for a given residue that reflects its open-like versus closed-like character at the transition state. Here we show that most of the residues throughout the length of M2 have a Phi-value of approximately 0.64 but that some near the middle have lower Phi-values of 0.52 or 0.31, suggesting that alphaM2 moves in three discrete steps. The core of the channel serves both as a gate that regulates ion flow and as a hub that directs the propagation of the gating isomerization through the membrane domain of the acetylcholine receptor.

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@article{Purohit2007ASM, title={A stepwise mechanism for acetylcholine receptor channel gating.}, author={Prasad Gopal Purohit and Ananya Mitra and Anthony Auerbach}, journal={Nature}, year={2007}, volume={446 7138}, pages={930-3} }