A statistical analysis of the carbon isotope record from the Archean to Phanerozoic and implications for the rise of oxygen

@article{KrissansenTotton2015ASA,
  title={A statistical analysis of the carbon isotope record from the Archean to Phanerozoic and implications for the rise of oxygen},
  author={J. Krissansen-Totton and R. Buick and D. Catling},
  journal={American Journal of Science},
  year={2015},
  volume={315},
  pages={275 - 316}
}
Organic and inorganic carbon isotope records reflect the burial of organic carbon over geological timescales. Permanent burial of organic carbon in the crust or mantle oxidizes the surface environment (atmosphere, ocean and biosphere) by removing reduced carbon. It has been claimed that both organic and inorganic carbon isotope ratios have remained approximately constant throughout Earth's history, thereby implying that the flux of organic carbon burial relative to the total carbon input has… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Tectonic controls on the long-term carbon isotope mass balance
TLDR
It is argued that the link between carbon isotopes and oxygenation is more tenuous than commonly assumed, and a case-by-case reexamination of earth’s oxygenation history is proposed, and the carbon isotope mass balance is shown to be significantly affected by tectonic uplift and erosion via changes to the inorganic carbon cycle that are independent ofChanges to the isotopic composition of carbon input. Expand
Carbon cycle inverse modeling suggests large changes in fractional organic burial are consistent with the carbon isotope record and may have contributed to the rise of oxygen
TLDR
It is found that fractional organic burial may have increased by 2-5 times since the Archean, which is consistent with an anoxic-to-oxic atmospheric transition around 2.4 Ga without declining oxygen sinks, although these likely contributed. Expand
Carbon isotope evidence for large methane emissions to the Proterozoic atmosphere
TLDR
Methane may have been a major greenhouse gas during the Proterozoic Era, keeping the Earth from major glaciations, especially during periods of positive CIEs, when increased organic carbon burial would have drowned down atmospheric CO2. Expand
Bioturbation and directionality in Earth's carbon isotope record across the Neoproterozoic–Cambrian transition
TLDR
It is entirely plausible that bioturbation made a decisive contribution to the enigmatic directionality in the δ13 Ccarbonate record, from the Neoproterozoic-Cambrian boundary onwards. Expand
Carbon and carbon isotope mass balance in the Neoproterozoic Earth system.
  • G. Shields
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Emerging topics in life sciences
  • 2018
The Neoproterozoic Earth system was significantly different from the modern world, as evidenced by extraordinary carbon isotope fluctuations that defy conventional explanation. Because Earth's carbonExpand
Earth system transition during the Tonian–Cambrian interval of biological innovation: nutrients, climate, oxygen and the marine organic carbon capacitor
Abstract The Tonian–Cambrian interval (c. 0.9–0.5 Ga) witnessed major tectonic, climatic and chemical changes to the Earth system and culminated in the Ediacaran–Cambrian radiation of animals.Expand
Making Sense of Massive Carbon Isotope Excursions With an Inverse Carbon Cycle Model
The beginning and end of the Proterozoic Eon are marked by extreme variations in carbonate carbon isotope values that have been interpreted to record massive perturbations to the global carbon cycle.Expand
Revisiting the depositional environment of the Neoproterozoic Callanna Group, South Australia
Abstract The Callanna Group was deposited around 800 million years ago (Ma) during an interval in Earth’s history that saw a transition towards a more oxygenated atmosphere, increasing biodiversityExpand
Claypool continued: Extending the isotopic record of sedimentary sulfate
Abstract The Proterozoic Eon spans Earth's middle age during which many important transitions occurred. These transitions include the oxygenation of the atmosphere, emergence of eukaryotic organismsExpand
Unique Neoproterozoic carbon isotope excursions sustained by coupled evaporite dissolution and pyrite burial
The Neoproterozoic era witnessed a succession of biological innovations that culminated in diverse animal body plans and behaviours during the Ediacaran–Cambrian radiations. Intriguingly, thisExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 110 REFERENCES
New insights into the burial history of organic carbon on the early Earth
[1] The isotope record of organic matter and calcium carbonate is often used to infer the burial history of organic carbon through time. As organic carbon burial is widely held to control long-termExpand
Authigenic Carbonate and the History of the Global Carbon Cycle
TLDR
This work proposes that authigenic carbonate, produced in sediment pore fluids during early diagenesis, has played a major role in the carbon cycle in the past and presents a framework for interpreting the carbon isotopic composition of sedimentary rocks. Expand
Fractionation between inorganic and organic carbon during the Lomagundi (2.22–2.1 Ga) carbon isotope excursion
ARTICLE I NFO The Lomagundi (2.22-2.1 Ga) positive carbon isotope excursion in shallow-marine sedimentary carbonates has been associated with the rise in atmospheric oxygen, but subsequent studiesExpand
Dynamics of the Neoproterozoic carbon cycle
  • D. Rothman, J. Hayes, R. Summons
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2003
TLDR
It is suggested that the most significant of the Neoproterozoic negative carbon-isotopic excursions resulted from increased remineralization of this reservoir, a process that was likely initiated by evolutionary innovations that increased export of organic matter to the deep sea. Expand
THE ABUNDANCE OF 13C IN MARINE ORGANIC MATTER AND ISOTOPIC FRACTIONATION IN THE GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLE OF CARBON DURING THE PAST 800 MA
Abstract New records of the abundance of 13 C in marine organic matter have been compiled for (i) the later Neoproterozoic, from 800 to 543 Ma (346 analyses), (ii) the Cambrian through the JurassicExpand
Tectonic control of the crustal organic carbon reservoir during the Precambrian.
Carbon isotopic trends indicate that the crustal reservoir of reduced, organic carbon increased during the Proterozoic, particularly during periods of widespread continental rifting and orogeny. NoExpand
The abundance of 13 C in marine organic matter and isotopic fractionation in the global biogeochemical cycle of carbon during the past 800
13 Ž . New records of the abundance of C in marine organic matter have been compiled for i the later Neoproterozoic, from Ž . Ž . Ž . Ž . 800 to 543 Ma 346 analyses , ii the Cambrian through theExpand
Influence of oxygen exposure time on organic carbon preservation in continental margin sediments
Today, over 90% of all organic carbon burial in the ocean occurs in continental margin sediments. This burial is intrinsically linked to the cycling of biogeochemically important elements (such as N,Expand
Carbon isotope geochemistry of the 3.7 × 109-yr-old Isua sediments, West Greenland: implications for the Archaean carbon and oxygen cycles
One hundred and twenty-four carbonate samples from the meta-sedimentary sequence of the 3.7 × 109 yr old Isua supracrustal belt (W-Greenland) have yielded a δ13Ccarb average of −2.5 ± 1.7%. vs PDBExpand
The carbon cycle and associated redox processes through time
  • J. Hayes, J. Waldbauer
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2006
TLDR
Elevated abundances of 13C in carbonate minerals ca 2.3 Gyr old are here interpreted as indicating the importance of methanogenic bacteria in sediments rather than increased burial of organic carbon. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...