A spreading-activation theory of semantic processing

@article{Collins1975AST,
  title={A spreading-activation theory of semantic processing},
  author={Allan M. Collins and Elizabeth F Loftus},
  journal={Psychological Review},
  year={1975},
  volume={82},
  pages={407-428}
}
This paper presents a spreading-acti vation theory of human semantic processing, which can be applied to a wide range of recent experimental results. [...] Key Method The theory viewed memory search as activation spreading from two or more concept nodes in a semantic network until an intersection was found. The effects of preparation (or priming) in semantic memory were also explained in terms of spreading activation from the node of the primed concept. Rather than a theory to explain data, it was a theory…Expand
Spreading activation within semantic categories: Comments on Rosch's "Cognitive representation of semantic categories."
In the letter-matching task of Posner andMitchell (1967), a subject looks at a pairof letters and decides whether they are thesame or different. The typical finding isthat subjects take longer toExpand
High-Dimensional Semantic Space Accounts of Priming.
A broad range of priming data has been used to explore the structure of semantic memory and to test between models of word representation. In this paper, we examine the computational mechanismsExpand
High-dimensional semantic space accounts of priming q
A broad range of priming data has been used to explore the structure of semantic memory and to test between models of word representation. In this paper, we examine the computational mechanismsExpand
Review of semantic cognition : A parallel distributed processing approach
TLDR
The theory proposes that semantic abilities arise from the flow of activation among simple, neuron-like processing units, as governed by the strengths of interconnecting weights; and that acquisition of new semantic information involves the gradual adjustment of weights in the system in response to experience. Expand
Précis of Semantic Cognition: A Parallel Distributed Processing Approach
Abstract In this précis of our recent book, Semantic Cognition: A Parallel Distributed Processing Approach (Rogers & McClelland 2004), we present a parallel distributed processing theory of theExpand
A spreading-activation theory of lemma retrieval in speaking
TLDR
A computer model that implements the spreading-activation theory of conceptually driven lemma retrieval is shown to be able to account for many basic findings on the time course of object naming, object categorization, and word categorization in the picture-word interference paradigm. Expand
Feature Distributions and Experimental Evaluation in a Connectionist Model of Semantic Memory
TLDR
The value, for connectionist modelling, of training data that encodes distribution information derived from the study of human semantic memory is discussed, and the major causal factor in the priming effects obtained was due to the correspondence between relation terms rather than similarity of concepts. Expand
A memory-based theory of verbal cognition.
  • S. Dennis
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Cognitive science
  • 2005
TLDR
The syntagmatic paradigmatic model is described and then illustrated on a number of phenomena, including sentence processing, semantic categorization and rating, short-term serial recall, and analogical and logical inference, and its success demonstrates that it is possible to extract propositional information from naturally occurring text without employing a grammar, defining a set of heuristics, or specifying a priori aSet of semantic roles. Expand
A Critical Comparison of the Network and Feature Comparison Models of Semantic Memory.
ABSTRACT .This study tamed the ability of two semantic-memory models, feature-comparison.ind network, to explain differences in information processing, times. The feature-comparison model assumesExpand
SEMANTIC AND ASSOCIATIVE PRIMING IN THE MENTAL LEXICON
This chapter investigates one of the most studied effect in psycholinguistics: the socalled “semantic priming effect”. After a brief survey of the literature, a lexical decision experiment isExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 58 REFERENCES
Activation of Semantic Memory
that the retrieval process consisted of at least two major steps: (a) entering the appropriate category and (b) finding the appropriate member of that category. Suppose now that we ask a subject toExpand
Facilitating retrieval from semantic memory: The effect of repeating part of an inference
TLDR
In this study, eight RT difference predictions were made for various kinds of sentence pairs, and all eight of these predictions held. Expand
Word concepts: a theory and simulation of some basic semantic capabilities.
TLDR
The design principles embodied in the memory model together with some of the methods used by the program constitute a theory of how human memory for semantic and other conceptual material may be formatted, organized, and used. Expand
Category Size and Semantic Memory Retrieval.
When a person judges whether a test word like COLLIE belongs to a specified semantic category like DOGS, reaction time varies directly with category size. This finding has implications for theoriesExpand
ON THE INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF PERCEPTUAL AND SEMANTIC CATEGORIES1
Publisher Summary This chapter focuses on the internal structure of perceptual and semantic categories. The semantic categories of natural languages are made to appear quite similar to suchExpand
Semantic distance and the verification of semantic relations
TLDR
Four experiments dealt with the verification of semantic relations and indicated that semantic distance could predict RTs in another categorization task and choices in an analogies task and place constraints on a theory of semantic memory. Expand
On the representation and retrieval of stored semantic information
A method for studying semantic memory is presented. This method involves measuring the reaction time (RT) of true-false decisions about two kinds of logical assertions, “ALL S ARE P” and “SOME S AREExpand
Retrieval time from semantic memory
TLDR
The results of a true-false reaction-time task were found to support the hypothesis about memory organization that a canary is a bird and birds can fly. Expand
A revised design for an understanding machine
This paper argues that machine translation programs will be able to solve certain problems, e.g., the resolution of polysemy, only by storing the meaning of natural language words in a medium and aExpand
Retrieval of words from long-term memory
Subjects were shown a noun category paired with either an adjective or a letter, and had to produce a word that fell in the space defined by the two, for instance, “animal-Z,” with the correctExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...