A spermatozoa-associated factor regulates proenkephalin gene expression in the rat epididymis.

The gene encoding the opioid peptide precursor preproenkephalin is expressed at high levels in the initial segment of the adult rat epididymis. Expression is localized to principal cells, the secretory epithelial cells lining the epididymal duct. During development, epididymal proenkephalin mRNA levels show a pronounced increase at about 44 days of age… (More)