A southern African archaeological database of organic containers and materials, 800 cal BC to cal AD 1500: Possible implications for the transition from foraging to livestock-keeping

  title={A southern African archaeological database of organic containers and materials, 800 cal BC to cal AD 1500: Possible implications for the transition from foraging to livestock-keeping},
  author={Faye Lander and Thembi Russell},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
Although evidence of organic materials has consistently been reported in the archaeology of southern Africa little attention has been given to how this evidence, so slight in comparison to pottery and lithics, might be used to understand the transition from foraging to livestock-keeping in southern African Archaeology. We have compiled a geo-referenced, radiocarbon database of these organic, material culture remains, with particular reference to containers made of ostrich eggshell, wood, gourd… 

Grappling with Diversity in Livestock-Related, Non-Agriculturist Archaeology in the Light of Genetic Research into the Lactase Persistence Allele, -14010*C, in Southern Africa

The paper by Breton et al. (2014) demonstrating a shared ancestry between an eastern Africa population and the Khoe-speaking Nama of southern Africa has freed archaeologists to consider once again

Archaeobotanical evidence for the emergence of pastoralism and farming in southern Africa

Several models which remain equivocal and controversial cite migration and/or diffusion for the emergence and spread of pastoralism and farming in southern Africa during the first millennium AD. A

Seventy Years of Pottery Studies in the Archaeology of Mesolithic and Neolithic Sudan

This review article examines seventy years of research and methodological approaches to the analysis of Mesolithic and Neolithic pottery in Sudan. It begins with the studies done by A. J. Arkell at

Male-biased migration from East Africa introduced pastoralism into southern Africa

It is proposed that pastoralism in southern Africa arrived through male-biased migration of an East African Afro-Asiatic-related group(s) who introduced new subsistence and livestock practices to local southern African hunter-gatherers.

Processing the Testudo carapace in Prehistoric Romania (8th and 5th millennia BC)

Testudines are widespread reptiles in Eurasia, especially in steppe-climate areas. The presence of shell remains and other anatomical elements in household waste deposits at various prehistoric sites



The archaeological evidence for the appearance of pastoralism and farming in southern Africa

The analysis shows that the antiquity of an early ‘Iron Age package’ relative to the spread of single archaeological traits appears approximately 700 years after sites containing pottery, cattle and sheep, without agriculture, appear in the drier parts of the sub-continent.

The Fauna from Ele Bor: Evidence for the Persistence of Foragers into the Later Holocene of Arid North Kenya

This paper reports on the results of zooarchaeological analysis of fauna from two stratified rockshelters at Ele Bor, 200 km east of Lake Turkana, Kenya. Ele Bor Site A, with radiocarbon

Ancient lipids document continuity in the use of early hunter–gatherer pottery through 9,000 years of Japanese prehistory

The results show that the link between pottery and fishing was established in the Late Paleolithic and lasted well into the Holocene, despite environmental and socio-economic change.

‘Where goats connect people’: Cultural diffusion of livestock not food production amongst southern African hunter-gatherers during the Later Stone Age

The frequently stated yet unexamined assumption in the debate surrounding the acquisition of livestock by hunter-gatherers in southern Africa is that this transition was about a subsistence change to

The history and archaeology of pastoralist and hunter-gatherer settlement in the North-Western Cape, South Africa

Investigations in the archaeologically unexplored region of Namaqualand show that it was unoccupied for much of the terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene. Marginally more favourable climatic

Those marvellous millennia: the Middle Stone Age of Southern Africa

  • L. Wadley
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2015
Africa's Middle Stone Age (MSA) may have lasted almost half a million years, but its earliest expression is not yet well understood. The MSA is best known for innovations that appear in the

People making history: the last ten thousand years of hunter-gatherer communities in the Thukela Basin

The primary aim of this paper is to document and explain the 10000 BP - AD 1800 history of the Thukela Basin hunter-gatherers. The primary information for this study comes from my excavation, between

Taking Stock

Recent archaeological research has identified a widespread southern African rock art tradition that materially affects the debate over what archaeology can tell us about prehistory in southern

‘What is consumed is wasted’: from foraging to herding in the southern African Later Stone Age

This paper is a reaction to a long and at times stagnated debate about how non-indigenous sheep, cattle and goats spread amongst southern Africa's Later Stone Age communities. Geneticists and