A social-cognitive model of trait and state levels of gratitude.

@article{Wood2008ASM,
  title={A social-cognitive model of trait and state levels of gratitude.},
  author={Alex M. Wood and John Maltby and Neil Stewart and Peter Alex Linley and Stephen Joseph},
  journal={Emotion},
  year={2008},
  volume={8 2},
  pages={
          281-90
        }
}
Three studies tested a new model of gratitude, which specified the generative mechanisms linking individual differences (trait gratitude) and objective situations with the amount of gratitude people experience after receiving aid (state gratitude). In Study 1, all participants (N = 253) read identical vignettes describing a situation in which they received help. People higher in trait gratitude made more positive beneficial appraisals (seeing the help as more valuable, more costly to provide… 

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