A social-cognitive approach to motivation and personality

  title={A social-cognitive approach to motivation and personality},
  author={Carol S. Dweck and Ellen L. Leggett},
  journal={Psychological Review},
Past work has documented and described major patterns of adaptive and maladaptive behavior: the mastery-oriented and the helpless patterns. In this article, we present a research-based model that accounts for these patterns in terms of underlying psychological processes. The model specifies how individuals' implicit theories orient them toward particular goals and how these goals set up the different patterns. Indeed, we show how each feature (cognitive, affective, and behavioral) of the… 

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