A simple method for predicting serum protein binding of compounds from IC(50) shift analysis for in vitro assays.

Abstract

The shift in apparent IC(50) that attends addition of serum proteins to in vitro cellular, enzymatic, and receptor binding assays can be used to determine the dissociation constant for compound-serum protein complexes. We show here that a simple linear relationship exists between the apparent IC(50) in the presence of serum protein and the inverse of the apparent K(d) for the compound-serum protein complex. Using a series of cell-active kinase inhibitors we demonstrate that the K(d) value derived in this way can be used to predict the extent of protein binding in serum for various compounds. This method should provide a simple means of assessing the relative serum protein binding propensity of compounds early in the compound optimization phase of drug discovery campaigns.

Cite this paper

@article{Rusnak2004ASM, title={A simple method for predicting serum protein binding of compounds from IC(50) shift analysis for in vitro assays.}, author={David W Rusnak and Zhihong Vicki Lai and Timothy J Lansing and Nelson Rhodes and Tona M. Gilmer and Robert A. Copeland}, journal={Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters}, year={2004}, volume={14 9}, pages={2309-12} }