A short history of superimposition: From spirit photography to early cinema

@article{Natale2012ASH,
  title={A short history of superimposition: From spirit photography to early cinema},
  author={Simone Natale},
  journal={Early Popular Visual Culture},
  year={2012},
  volume={10},
  pages={125 - 145}
}
  • Simone Natale
  • Published 21 March 2012
  • Art
  • Early Popular Visual Culture
As several scholars have noted, the use of superimposition effects in cinema to conjure such apparitions as ghosts, fairies, devils, and other fantastic creatures finds a significant precedent in spirit photography, a spiritualist practice by which the image of one or more spirits was ‘magically’ captured on a photographic plate. However, arguing for a relationship of direct filiation between spirit photography and the tricks employed in film remains problematic, especially given that spirit… 
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