A series of tufted carbon fiber cathodes designed for different high power microwave sources.

Abstract

We report the fabrication technique of tufted carbon fiber cathodes for different microwave sources. Three carbon fiber cathodes were constructed, including a planar cathode, an annular cathode, and a cylindrical cathode for radial emission. Experimental investigations on these cathodes were performed in a reflex triode virtual cathode oscillator (vircator), a backward wave oscillator (BWO), and a magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator (MILO), respectively. The pulse duration of microwave emission from the reflex triode vircator was lengthened by using the planar carbon fiber cathode. In the BWO with the annular carbon fiber cathode, the uniform electron beam with a kA/cm(2) current density was observed. In addition, carbon fiber has great promise as field emitter for MILOs. These results show that the carbon fiber cathodes can be utilized for electron emission in high power diodes with different structures.

DOI: 10.1063/1.2936870

Cite this paper

@article{Liu2008ASO, title={A series of tufted carbon fiber cathodes designed for different high power microwave sources.}, author={Lie Liu and Limin Li and Jun Zhang and Xiaoping Zhang and Jianchun Wen and Yonggui Liu}, journal={The Review of scientific instruments}, year={2008}, volume={79 6}, pages={064701} }