A series of meta-analytic tests of the depletion effect: Self-control does not seem to rely on a limited resource.

@article{Carter2015ASO,
  title={A series of meta-analytic tests of the depletion effect: Self-control does not seem to rely on a limited resource.},
  author={Evan C. Carter and Lilly M Kofler and Daniel E Forster and Michael E. McCullough},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. General},
  year={2015},
  volume={144 4},
  pages={
          796-815
        }
}
Failures of self-control are thought to underlie various important behaviors (e.g., addiction, violence, obesity, poor academic achievement). The modern conceptualization of self-control failure has been heavily influenced by the idea that self-control functions as if it relied upon a limited physiological or cognitive resource. This view of self-control has inspired hundreds of experiments designed to test the prediction that acts of self-control are more likely to fail when they follow… 

A Multilab Preregistered Replication of the Ego-Depletion Effect

The size of the ego-depletion effect was small with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) that encompassed zero (d = 0.04, 95% CI [−0.07, 0.15]), and implications of the findings for the psyche depletion effect and the resource depletion model of self-control are discussed.

Towards a motivational alternative to the strength model of self-control

Self-control is an area of research that has received increased attention over the last couple of decades. Failures of self-control, in particular, are held to be the underlying cause of a number of

Does Self-Control Training Improve Self-Control? A Meta-Analysis

There is not enough evidence to conclude that the repeated control of dominant responses is the critical element driving training effects, but a random-effects meta-analysis based on robust variance estimation of the published and unpublished literature on self-control training effects revealed a small-to-medium effect.

Searching for the bottom of the ego well: failure to uncover ego depletion in Many Labs 3

The present study reanalysed data from a large-scale study to test whether performing a depleting task has any effect on a secondary task that also relies on self-control and found no significant evidence of ego depletion.

No Evidence of the Ego-Depletion Effect across Task Characteristics and Individual Differences: A Pre-Registered Study

Examination of the robustness of the ego-depletion effect aimed to maximize the likelihood of detecting the effect by using one of the most widely used depletion tasks and by considering task characteristics and individual differences that potentially moderate the effect.

Lay Theories of Self-control

Why do people sometimes fail to regulate their behavior effectively to accomplish their goals? How can they do better? This chapter explores the role of prominent beliefs in society about the nature

Testing the ego-depletion effect in optimized conditions

The findings suggest that, even in a context chosen to optimize the observation of an ego-depletion effect, it seems difficult to be conclusive about the existence of this effect.

Who Believes in Nonlimited Willpower? In Search of Correlates of Implicit Theories of Self-Control

Regression analyses revealed that only personality traits remained significant predictors of willpower beliefs, which supports hypothesis that willpower theories may be domain specific and suggests that these two aspects should not be aggregated into one, homogenous scale as was done in some previous research.

Using the strength-energy model and self-determination theory to examine drinking-related self-control failure among university students

Researchers adopting the strength-energy model of self-control (Baumeister et al., 1998) have suggested that taxing situations (i.e., self-control demands) exhaust a limited self-control resource and
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 158 REFERENCES

Getting a grip on ourselves: Challenging expectancies about loss of energy after self-control

Abstract Research suggests that two, consecutive acts of self-control lead to impaired performance. This phenomenon is termed “ego depletion.” It is assumed that an act of self-control consumes

Publication bias and the limited strength model of self-control: has the evidence for ego depletion been overestimated?

Until greater certainty about the size of the depletion effect can be established, circumspection about the existence of this phenomenon is warranted, and rather than elaborating on the model, research efforts should focus on establishing whether the basic effect exists.

After a pair of self-control-intensive tasks, sucrose swishing improves subsequent working memory performance

Claims that self-control failure is caused by the depletion of a resource (or that it functions as if it relies on a limited resource) merit greater circumspection, as well as contrary to predictions from the limited strength model.

Mechanisms of Self-Control Failure: Motivation and Limited Resources

It is suggested that depletion only affects performance on tasks that require self-control; tasks that are difficult but do not requireSelf-control are immune to the effects of depletion; depleted individuals may compensate for their lack of self- control resources when sufficiently motivated.

Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: does self-control resemble a muscle?

The authors review evidence that self-control may consume a limited resource and conclude that the executive component of the self--in particular, inhibition--relies on a limited, consumable resource.

Self-control relies on glucose as a limited energy source: willpower is more than a metaphor.

It is suggested that self-control relies on glucose as a limited energy source, and a single act of self- Control causes glucose to drop below optimal levels, thereby impairing subsequent attempts at self- control.

Ego depletion and the strength model of self-control: a meta-analysis.

Support for motivation and fatigue as alternative explanations for ego depletion indicate a need to integrate the strength model with other theories and provide preliminary support for the ego-depletion effect and strength model hypotheses.

A tale of two tasks: reversing the self-regulatory resource depletion effect.

Results indicated that, relative to low initial self-regulatory exertion, high exertion can lead to poorer or better subsequent self-regulation, suggesting that the depletion effect may be only part of the picture of self-Regulatory behavior over time.
...