A rose in any other font would not smell as sweet: Effects of perceptual fluency on categorization

@article{Oppenheimer2008ARI,
  title={A rose in any other font would not smell as sweet: Effects of perceptual fluency on categorization},
  author={Daniel M. Oppenheimer and Michael C. Frank},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={2008},
  volume={106},
  pages={1178-1194}
}

Figures and Tables from this paper

Perceptual fluency can be used as a cue for categorization decisions

In a prototype distortion task, the participants were more likely to judge stimuli that were not members of the category as category members when the nonmembers were made perceptually fluent with a matching subliminal prime, suggesting that perceptual fluency can be used as a cue during some categorization decisions.

Perceptual Fluency Affects Categorization Decisions

In a prototype distortion task, participants were more likely to judge non-members as category members when they were made perceptually fluent with a matching subliminal prime, suggesting that perceptual fluency can be reflective of category membership and may be used as a cue during some categorization decisions.

If it’s hard to read, it changes how long you do it: Reading time as an explanation for perceptual fluency effects on judgment

Results indicate that disfluency does in fact change in situ reading behavior, and this change significantly mediates judgments, which supports the notion that readers are using perceptual cues in their reading experiences to change how they interact with the material, which in turn produces the observed biases.

Isolating the contribution of perceptual fluency to judgments of learning (JOLs): Evidence for reactivity in measuring the influence of fluency.

It is demonstrated across 6 experiments that perceptual fluency per se can indeed inform predictions of future memory performance, but that its influence depends on the specific task requirements at the time JOLs are solicited.

The effects of stimulus complexity and conceptual fluency on aesthetic judgments of abstract art: Evidence for a default–interventionist account

ABSTRACT We report an experiment investigating how stimulus complexity and conceptual fluency (i.e., the ease of deriving meaning) influence aesthetic liking judgments for abstract artworks. We

Self-generated cognitive fluency as an alternative route to preference formation

Uniting the Tribes of Fluency to Form a Metacognitive Nation

  • Adam L. AlterDaniel M. Oppenheimer
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2009
The authors argue that fluency is a ubiquitous metacognitive cue in reasoning and social judgment and offers the first comprehensive review of such mechanisms and their implications for judgment and decision making.

Easing in: Fluent processing brings others into the ingroup

Four experiments demonstrated that perceptual fluency can facilitate categorization of others as ingroup members. In Experiment 1 (replications A, B, and C), White participants were first exposed to

Image Ambiguity and Fluency

The results suggest that ambiguity is an essential ingredient in art appreciation even though or maybe because it is harder to process.

Memory predictions are influenced by perceptual information: evidence for metacognitive illusions.

Highly accessible perceptual cues can strongly influence JOLs, likely via encoding fluency, and this effect can lead to metacognitive illusions.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 57 REFERENCES

Effects of Perceptual Fluency on Affective Judgments

According to a two-step account of the mere-exposure effect, repeated exposure leads to the subjective feeling of perceptual fluency, which in turn influences liking. If so, perceptual fluency

Change in perceptual form attenuates the use of the fluency heuristic in recognition

Results suggest that the fluency heuristic is subject to metacognitive control, since participants’ attributions of perceptual fluency depend on the perceived usefulness of fluency as a cue to recognition.

Illusions of face memory: Clarity breeds familiarity.

The effect of a prior presentation on temporal judgments in a perceptual identification task

The results indicate that duration judgments provide a valuable dependent measure of memory in the perceptual identification task and support the misattribution hypothesis: A prior presentation enhances perceptual identification, and this increase in relative perceptual fluency is incorrectly attributed to a longer presentation duration.

Illusions of familiarity.

Feelings of familiarity are not direct products of memory. Although prior experience of a stimulus can produce a feeling of familiarity, that feeling can also be aroused in the absence of prior

Recollection, fluency, and the explicit/implicit distinction in artificial grammar learning.

Both implicit memory and implicit learning phenomena can be explained by a common set of principles, in particular via participants' strategic use of recollective and fluency heuristics, and a fluency effect can be induced in recognition and can be eliminated in classification.

The warm glow heuristic: when liking leads to familiarity.

  • B. Monin
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 2003
It is concluded that both prototypicality and a warm glow heuristic are responsible for the "good-is-familiar" phenomenon.

Repetition priming of words, pseudowords, and nonwords.

The authors propose a parallel distributed processing (PDP) model based on the work of J. McClelland and D. Rumelhart (1985) as a way to understand the mechanisms potentially responsible for the pattern of findings, and instantiate a property that they believe is characteristic of implicit memory--that learning is primarilybased on the strengthening of connections between units that become active during the processing of a stimulus.

The relationship between the structural mere exposure effect and the implicit learning process

  • B. NewellJ. Bright
  • Psychology
    The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology. A, Human experimental psychology
  • 2001
It is suggested that rule judgements reflect attempts to explicitly recall information about training items, whereas the SMEE can be explained in terms of an attribution of processing fluency.
...