A robust budding model of Balinese water temple networks

  title={A robust budding model of Balinese water temple networks},
  author={J. Stephen Lansing and Murray P. Cox and Sean S. Downey and Marcus Janssen and John W. Schoenfelder},
  journal={World Archaeology},
  pages={112 - 133}
Abstract Ethnohistory, genetics and simulation are used to propose a new ‘budding model’ to describe the historical processes by which complex irrigation communities may come into existence. We review two alternative theories, Wittfogel's top-down state-formation theory and common-pool resource management, and suggest that a budding model would better account for existing archaeological and ethnographic descriptions of a well-studied network of irrigation communities on the island of Bali. The… 

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