A risk-assessment model for toxic exposure of small mammalian carnivores to cadmium in contaminated natural environments.


A model is presented to assess the risk of cadmium toxicity in mammalian wildlife in contaminated environments. The target-organ load was used as a hazard indicator and animals were considered to be at risk when a critical value, i.e. the lowest-observed-adverse-effect level (LOAEL), was attained or exceeded. The model was developed for Sorex araneus, a… (More)


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