A review on sex differences in processing emotional signals

  title={A review on sex differences in processing emotional signals},
  author={Mariska E. Kret and B{\'e}atrice de Gelder},
eviews and perspectives ex differences in processing emotional signals of others
Interest in sex-related differences in psychological functioning has again come to the foreground with new findings about their possible functional basis in the brain. Sex differences may be one way
Sex differences in emotion recognition ability: The mediating role of trait emotional awareness
Although previous research on emotion recognition ability (ERA) has found consistent evidence for a female advantage, the explanation for this sex difference remains incompletely understood. This
A Preliminary Study of Sex Differences in Emotional Experience
The results of comparison between sexes supported the approach that women showed more sensitivity to high activation and dominance for positive emotions and empathy, and men were more sensitive to negative situations.
Sex differences in the neural correlates of aggression
This study implemented a social reactive aggression paradigm in 20 women and 22 men, employing a modified Taylor Aggression Task (mTAT) to provoke aggressive behavior in an fMRI setting, and found men showed a positive association between orbitofrontal cortex, rectal gyrus and anterior cingulate cortex activity in the provocation contrast and their tendency to respond aggressively, whereas women displayed a negative association.
Sex dependency and genetic modulation of emotional processing and memory : a behavioural and imaging study
The results support the presence of sex-dependent differences in emotional processing as well as episodic memory and emphasize the role of specific genes in these processes.
Sex Differences in Neural Responses to the Perception of Social Interactions
Sex differences in neural responses to the perception of social interaction are explored using the Human Connectome Project data to highlight sex differences in the behavioral and neural processes underlying the perceptionof social interaction, as well as the influence of internalizing traits on these processes.
Sex differences in the neural bases of social appraisals.
Results indicate that sex differences exist in the neural bases of social understanding during understanding of self and others and in the precuneus during appraisals of others.


Sex‐Related Influences on the Neurobiology of Emotionally Influenced Memory
  • L. Cahill
  • Psychology, Biology
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2003
Evidence indicating hemispheric specialization in the processing of global/wholistic versus local/fine detail aspects of a situation means theories of the neurobiology of emotion and memory must begin to account for the seemingly substantial influences of sex.
Boys do it the right way: Sex-dependent amygdala lateralization during face processing in adolescents
Sex differences in the neural basis of emotional memories
Women had significantly more brain regions where activation correlated with both ongoing evaluation of emotional experience and with subsequent memory for the most emotionally arousing pictures, and greater overlap in brain regions sensitive to current emotion and contributing to subsequent memory may be a neural mechanism for emotions to enhance memory more powerfully in women than in men.
Sex-Related Memory Recall and Talkativeness for Emotional Stimuli
The present results support the view that sex differences in lateralization may not be a general feature of language processing but may be related to the specific condition, such as the emotional content of stimuli.
Own-sex effects in emotional memory for faces
Sex-Related Difference in Amygdala Activity during Emotionally Influenced Memory Storage
Results demonstrate a clear gender-related lateralization of amygdala involvement in emotionally influenced memory, and indicate that theories of the neurobiology of emotionally influencing memory must begin to account for the influence of gender.
Men Fear Other Men Most: Gender Specific Brain Activations in Perceiving Threat from Dynamic Faces and Bodies – An fMRI Study
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, this is the first study investigating gender differences in processing dynamic female and male facial and bodily expressions and it illustrates the importance of gender Differences in affective communication.