A review on eye movement studies in childhood and adolescent psychiatry

@article{Rommelse2008ARO,
  title={A review on eye movement studies in childhood and adolescent psychiatry},
  author={Nanda N. J. Rommelse and Stefan Van der Stigchel and Joseph A. Sergeant},
  journal={Brain and Cognition},
  year={2008},
  volume={68},
  pages={391-414}
}

Tables from this paper

Neuropsychiatric Treatment Saccadic eye movement applications for psychiatric disorders
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Saccadic eye movement appears to be heavily involved in psychiatric diseases covered in this review via a direct mechanism and may be considered a possible marker of some disorders.
Saccadic eye movement applications for psychiatric disorders
TLDR
Saccadic eye movement changes appear to be heavily involved in the psychiatric disorders covered in this review and may be considered a possible marker of some disorders.
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Comparisons showed that children with ADHD presented a greater number of catch-up saccade and lower pursuit gain compared to TD children, and attentional mechanisms controlled by these cortical structures could be improved by a short visuo-attentional training period.
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The application of eye trackers in the clinical setting could contribute to the early treatment of mental disorders and research on eye movement in humans in social communication is considered important, but has not been well explored.
Visual search in neurodevelopmental disorders: evidence towards a continuum of impairment
Disorders with neurodevelopmental aetiology such as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Schizophrenia share commonalities at many levels of
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[Eye movement recordings in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder].
Oculomotor Abnormalities in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Are Improved by Methylphenidate.
TLDR
It is suggested that oculomotor abilities are poor in children with ADHD, which may correlate with deficits in inhibitory mechanisms, and treatment with methylphenidate improves oulomotor performances through adaptive strategies, which might involve brain structures related to cognitive inhibition.
Children with Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Show an Altered Eye Movement Pattern during Reading
TLDR
The data showed that the nonmedicated children with pure ADHD have an altered eye movement pattern during oral reading when compared with controls, which cannot be attributable to any comorbid condition.
Smooth pursuit eye movements and schizophrenia: literature review.
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References

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Eye movements in neurodevelopmental disorders
TLDR
Eye-movement studies have begun to serve as a useful approach for studying cognitive and neurophysiological aspects of neurodevelopmental disorders and have potential as a strategy for establishing quantitative endophenotypes for genetic research, and for monitoring beneficial and adverse effects of pharmacotherapies.
Smooth pursuit eye movements in schizophrenia and affective disorder.
TLDR
Abnormally high rates of catch-up saccades seem to be the oculomotor component in smooth pursuit, that is specific to schizophrenia, in patients with major depression.
Smooth pursuit eye-tracking impairment in childhood-onset psychotic disorders.
TLDR
Children with childhood-onset schizophrenia exhibit a pattern of eye-tracking dysfunction similar to that reported for adult patients, and similar abnormalities were seen in the subjects with psychotic disorder not otherwise specified except that they did not exhibit a greater frequency of catch-up saccades.
Eye movements and psychiatric disease
TLDR
Eye movements provide an important tool to measure pharmacological effects in patients and unravel genetic traits in psychiatric disease.
Deficits in gain of smooth pursuit eye movements in schizophrenia and affective disorder patients and their unaffected relatives.
TLDR
Gain deficits are present in psychotic patients and in their unaffected biological relatives, and this finding supports a genetic origin of eye tracking disturbances in major psychotic disorders.
Oculomotor abnormalities in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
TLDR
Findings suggest that deficits in prefrontal functions, in particular response inhibition, contribute to behavioral abnormalities observed in ADHD and suggest that the administration of methylphenidate is associated with improvements in the consistency of motor response.
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