A review on epilepsy in the horse and the potential of Ambulatory EEG as a diagnostic tool

@article{vanderRee2012ARO,
  title={A review on epilepsy in the horse and the potential of Ambulatory EEG as a diagnostic tool},
  author={Marleen van der Ree and Inge D. Wijnberg},
  journal={Veterinary Quarterly},
  year={2012},
  volume={32},
  pages={159 - 167}
}
Epilepsy in the horse is diagnosed based on clinical signs, but diagnosing can be difficult if a grand mal is not present. The future prospects of the horse and potentially the safety of the owner depend on an accurate diagnosis. This review presents information on epilepsy and focuses on the diagnostic potential of (Ambulatory) electroencephalography ((A) EEG). An epileptic seizure is a brain disorder, which expresses itself as a recurrent episode of involuntary abnormal behaviour. The… Expand
The applicability of ambulatory electroencephalography (AEEG) in healthy horses and horses with abnormal behaviour or clinical signs of epilepsy
TLDR
It is concluded that abnormal behaviour can be expressed intermittently, and with the availability of AEEG a useful tool is added to the diagnostic scenario for horses. Expand
Seizures in horses: diagnosis and classification
TLDR
The use of a standardized classification is described, which could facilitate a logical approach for the clinician to establish a diagnosis, as well as to use a consistent mode of communication in the workup of horses with seizures. Expand
A Review on The Medical Applications of Electroencephalography (EEG)
  • T. Bera
  • 2021 Seventh International conference on Bio Signals, Images, and Instrumentation (ICBSII)
  • 2021
The human-brain is a complex-organ developed with nerve cells which are known as the neurons. The human body functions are controlled by the electrochemical activity of the nerve cells which in turnExpand
Distribution and predictive factors of seizure types in 104 cases.
TLDR
The majority of the seizures described were focal seizures with or without secondary generalisation, and the clinical presentation was independent of the underlying disease. Expand
Acquired epilepsy in a horse associated with colic surgery
TLDR
A case of an adult horse showing recurrent focal seizures and neurological deficits indicative of central blindness occurring during an episode of colic which was resolved surgically, then resolved by laparotomy with an uneventful general anaesthesia. Expand
State-of-the-Art Diagnostic Methods to Diagnose Equine Spinal Disorders, With Special Reference to Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Transcranial Electrical Stimulation.
TLDR
Results from human medicine have indicated that TMS and TES recordings are mildly if not at all affected by sedation, so this technique can be reliably used in human patients under either sedation or full anesthesia to assess functional integrity of the corticospinal and adjunct motor tracts. Expand
What Do We Know about the Use of EEG Monitoring during Equine Anesthesia: A Review
Electroencephalography is a noninvasive method used for the measurement of central nervous system bioelectrical activity. Besides its use for neurological disorders diagnostics in humans and animals,Expand
Ganglioglioma of the Right Cerebrothalamus in a 7-Year-Old Quarter Horse Cross Gelding
TLDR
A 7-year-old Quarter horse cross Paint gelding examined due to recurrent seizure-like episodes of 1-year duration was examined, and the first report of intracranial ganglioglioma in the horse was reported. Expand
Qualitative and quantitative analyses of polysomnographic measurements in foals
TLDR
The qualitative analyses showed that the brain waves of the foals differ in their morphology from those previously reported for adult horses, and the quantitative data analyses revealed that foals suckle throughout all periods of the day, including night-time. Expand
Epileptic seizure detection using singular values and classical features of EEG signals
TLDR
The results show that the proposed algorithm achieves better results than using singular values alone or using classical features alone with an average accuracy of 94.82%. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES
Diagnostic validity of electroencephalography in equine intracranial disorders.
TLDR
Equine EEG was a sensitive tool in the diagnosis of intracranial disorders in horses by comparing clinical, clinicopathologic, and histopathologic findings to EEG findings in 20 horses examined for seizures. Expand
The role of EEG in epilepsy: A critical review
TLDR
Although surface EEG recordings are less sensitive than invasive studies, they provide the best overview and the most efficient way to define the approximate localization of the epileptogenic zone, and should be used only after exhaustive noninvasive evaluations have failed to localize the epileptic zone. Expand
Epilepsy in horses: aetiological classification and predictive factors.
TLDR
Seizure aetiology was symptomatic or cryptogenic in most horses, whereas reactive seizures and idiopathic epilepsy were less common and predictive factors of epilepsy in horses were similar to those reported in other species and may assist the clinician with the early diagnosis of epilepsy. Expand
The electroencephalogram of idiopathic generalized epilepsy
TLDR
Both human and animal data suggest involvement of the thalamus and the cortex in the generation of spike‐wave discharges in IGE, and variations of generalized epileptiform discharges can be useful in diagnostic confirmation. Expand
Factors Related to the Occurrence of Typical Paroxysmal Abnormalities in the EEG Records of Epileptic Patients
TLDR
The results of the present analysis would not seem to support the common assumption that records obtained while the patient is on medication are less likely to be positive, and instead suggest that the closer the examination to a seizure and/or the higher the seizure frequency, the greater the probability that a record would be positive. Expand
Ambulatory cassette EEG in epilepsy diagnosis.
  • J. Ebersole
  • Medicine
  • The Yale journal of biology and medicine
  • 1987
TLDR
Ambulatory EEG diagnostic yields have been shown to be superior to routine laboratory studies and nearly as good as inpatient telemetry evaluations and the role of cassette recordings in clinical electroencephalography continues to be defined as new applications are established. Expand
Evidence for a neurophysiologic auditory deficit in children with benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes
TLDR
The results may indicate that patients with BECTS have abnormal processing of auditory information at a sensory level ipsilateral to the hemisphere evoking spikes during sleep, resulting in disruption of the evolution and maintenance of echoic memory traces. Expand
New horizons in ambulatory electroencephalography
  • E. Waterhouse
  • Medicine
  • IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine
  • 2003
TLDR
With miniaturization of AEEG and seizure anticipation technology, and advancements in the ability to identify the transition from pre-ictal to ictal state, there is realistic hope that patients with refractory epilepsy may gain control over their seizures and enjoy significantly improved quality of life. Expand
Qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the electroencephalogram in normal horses during spontaneous drowsiness and sleep.
TLDR
The objectives were to develop a noninvasive method of electrode placement for recording the EEG in horses and to establish normal EEG parameters for the various states of vigilance, and Normative data for several states were described and probable benign variants identified. Expand
Juvenile idiopathic epilepsy in Egyptian Arabian foals: 22 cases (1985-2005).
TLDR
Information obtained from this study strongly suggests a heritable condition that merits further investigation, Juvenile idiopathic epilepsy of Egyptian Arabian foals has an early clinical onset but appears to be self-limiting. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...