A review on different modes and methods for yielding a pentose sugar: xylitol

@article{Jain2014ARO,
  title={A review on different modes and methods for yielding a pentose sugar: xylitol},
  author={Hansa Jain and Sanjyot Mulay},
  journal={International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition},
  year={2014},
  volume={65},
  pages={135 - 143}
}
  • H. Jain, Sanjyot Mulay
  • Published 12 February 2014
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Abstract Xylitol, a five-carbon polyalcohol, holds a substantial place in the cure and prevention of a number of diseases. The foremost reason for its lesser usage in day-to-day practice is its cost. The method employed on large scale production of this polyol, i.e. chemical reduction, uses extensive machinery and expensive chemicals thus increasing the basic cost of the sugar. Yield of xylitol by other methods including fermentation and enzymatic production is far less than chemical reduction… Expand
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This article is a review of the advancements reported in the whole biotechnological process for xylitol production, and involve pretreatment technologies, hemicellulosic hydrolysate preparation, xylose conversion intoxylitol, and product recovery. Expand
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References

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Xylitol is a high value sugar alcohol with anticariogenic properties that is used as an ideal sweetener for diabetic patients. Industrially, xylitol is manufactured by catalytic reduction of pureExpand
Microbial and Bioconversion Production of D-xylitol and Its Detection and Application
TLDR
In order to detect D-xylitol in the production processes, several detection methods have been established, such as gas chromatography (GC)-based methods, high performance liquid Chromatography (HPLC-based methods), LC-MS methods, and capillary electrophoresis methods (CE). Expand
Effect of culture conditions on xylitol production by Candida guilliermondii FTI 20037.
TLDR
The use of D-xylose, the main component of xylan, to obtain chemical products has been a challenge in wood chemistry for the last 10 years. Expand
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Abstract Certain environmental factors are of particular significance in the fermentation of the hemicellulose component of lignocellulosic biomass by yeasts; these are discussed in relation toExpand
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Publisher Summary This chapter discusses that Xylitol occurs widely in nature. Frerejacque showed the occurrence of xylitol in lichens, seaweed, and yeast. Kratzl and Silbernagel found xylitol inExpand
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TLDR
A microbiological method is described for the production of xylitol, which is used as a sugar substitute for diabetics, and D-Xylulose, but not glucose, was dissimilated toxylitol by yeasts under aerobic conditions. Expand
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TLDR
The effect of oxygenation on xylitol production by the yeast Debaryomyces hansenii has been investigated in this work using the liquors from corncob hydrolysis as the fermentation medium and overall ATP requirements for biomass production and maintenance demonstrated to remarkably increase with X0 and for S0 ≥ 130 g/L and to reach minimum values just under semiaerobic conditions favoring xylanol accumulation. Expand
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We found that during d-xylose fermentation to ethanol by Pachysolen tannophilus the amount of xylitol produced decreased dramatically while CO2 increased when the temperature was raised from 30 toExpand
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  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
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TLDR
A 50% yield of xylitol was obtained by using the beech wood hydrolyzed solution with the addition of 1% yeast extract and 1% glucose at an initial concentration, and the effects on xylose production, of adding glucose as a NADPH source,d-xylose and yeast extract, were examined. Expand
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A gluconate-utilizing strain of Corynebacterium was found to be capable of utilizing aldopentoses and producing corresponding pentitols when pentoses were added to the medium containing gluconate asExpand
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