A review on bicycle dynamics and rider control

@article{Schwab2013ARO,
  title={A review on bicycle dynamics and rider control},
  author={Arend L. Schwab and Jacob P. Meijaard},
  journal={Vehicle System Dynamics},
  year={2013},
  volume={51},
  pages={1059 - 1090}
}
This paper is a review study in dynamics and rider control of bicycles. The first part gives a brief overview of the modelling of the dynamics of bicycles and the experimental validation. The second part focuses on a review of modelling and measuring human rider control, together with the concepts of handling and manoeuvrability and their experimental validation. The paper concludes with the open ends and promising directions for future work in the field of handling and control of bicycles. 
A review on bicycle and motorcycle rider control with a perspective on handling qualities
This paper is a review study on handling and control of bicycles and motorcycles, the so-called single-track vehicles. The first part gives a brief overview on the modelling of the dynamics ofExpand
Modelling and model predictive control for a bicycle-rider system
ABSTRACT This study proposes a bicycle-rider control model based on model predictive control (MPC). First, a bicycle-rider model with leaning motion of the rider’s upper body is developed. TheExpand
Bicycle Rider Control Modelling for Path Tracking
Abstract Rider models are employed to gain insight into bicycle rider steering behaviour and to improve characteristic properties of bicycles. In this paper, stability properties as well as basicExpand
A Control Simulation for a Bicycle with an Active Stabilizing Assistant System
TLDR
Using gyroscopic effects of two spinning flywheels, the ASAS generates assistant torques which can assist the rider to stabilize his/her bicycle in various riding strategies and can improve the riding performance and also the rider’s safety. Expand
Introducing the Effect of Bicyclist Stabilization Control in Microscopic Traffic Simulation
TLDR
A bicycle dynamics model is developed that introduces characteristics of the bicycle dynamics in microscopic traffic simulation and indicates that the operational width of a bicyclist is a decreasing function of the operational speed as a result of the bicyclist stabilization process. Expand
Active lateral stability control for bicycles by steer-assist
Given some forward speed a bicycle can be laterally selfstable [1,2] and therefore needs little rider control to stay upright. However, at low speed the bicycle is laterally unstable and requiresExpand
Human-in-the-Loop Bicycle Control via Active Heart Rate Regulation
TLDR
With the proposed systems, the riders are capable of keeping their HR within 10 bpm from the desired one, and the SOSM controller offers better robustness against unmodeled dynamics and disturbances. Expand
Bicycle rider control : a balancing act
Cycling is increasing in popularity which is accompanied with a higher rate of injuries sustained due to collisions, crashes or falls. A high proportion of these events happen when the bicycle riderExpand
The influence of pedalling on the lateral dynamics of cycling: A modelling approach
There are still important knowledge gaps regarding stability and safety of bicycle riding. Every year around 60,000 people need hospital treatment for single sided accidents in the Netherlands alone.Expand
Reduced Dynamics and Control for an Autonomous Bicycle
TLDR
This paper proposes the reduced model for the full dynamics of a bicycle and analyzes its nonlinear behavior under a proportional control law for steering, finding that the steer coefficient must be negative, consistent with the human’s intuition of turning toward a fall. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 152 REFERENCES
Some recent developments in bicycle dynamics and control
TLDR
The paper is devoted to the design of a human-like controller for a bicycle model and there seems to be little difference in the dynamics and control of a model with fixed rider and a model without fixed rider. Expand
Automatic control of bicycles with a balancer
  • M. Yamakita, A. Utano
  • Engineering
  • Proceedings, 2005 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics.
  • 2005
In this paper, trajectory tracking and balancing control for autonomous bicycles with a balancer are discussed. In the proposed control method, an input-output linearization is applied for trajectoryExpand
Rider Control Identification in Bicycling
Following in the wake of the increased bicycle popularity, bicycle research arose in the late 19th century. Early research, regarding the dynamic behavior of an uncontrolled bicycle, resulted in theExpand
On the Stability and Control of the Bicycle
After some brief history, a mathematical model of a bicycle that has become a benchmark is described. The symbolic equations of motion of the bicycle are given in two forms and the equations areExpand
Modeling the Manually Controlled Bicycle
TLDR
A control-theoretic model of the bicycle rider is developed that indicated that bicycle velocities, rather than differences in the bicycles themselves, dominated the handling-quality predictions. Expand
Experimental results on LPV stabilization of a riderless bicycle
TLDR
The designed control system aiming at automatically balancing a riderless bicycle in the upright position as a linear-parameter-varying state-feedback controller which guarantees stability of the bicycle when the velocity ranges in a given interval and its derivative is bounded is considered. Expand
Identification of the mechanical properties of bicycle tyres for modelling of bicycle dynamics
Advanced simulation of the stability and handling properties of bicycles requires detailed road–tyre contact models. In order to develop these models, in this study, four bicycle tyres are tested byExpand
Some Observations on Human Control of a Bicycle
The purpose of this study is to identify human control actions in normal bicycling. The task under study is the stabilization of the mostly unstable lateral motion of the bicycle-rider system. ThisExpand
A review on motorcycle and rider modelling for steering control
The paper is a review of the state of knowledge and understanding of steering control in motorcycles and of the existing rider models. Motorcycles are well known to have specific instabilityExpand
Stabilization of a Riderless Bicycle [Applications of Control]
The bicycle provides transportation for leisure, recreation, and travel between home and work, throughout the world, in big cities as well as in small villages, supporting human mobility for moreExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...