A review of visceral leishmaniasis during the conflict in South Sudan and the consequences for East African countries

@article{AlSalem2016ARO,
  title={A review of visceral leishmaniasis during the conflict in South Sudan and the consequences for East African countries},
  author={Waleed S. Al-Salem and Jennifer R. Herricks and Peter Jay Hotez},
  journal={Parasites \& Vectors},
  year={2016},
  volume={9}
}
BackgroundVisceral leishmaniasis (VL), caused predominantly by Leishmania donovani and transmitted by both Phlebotomus orientalis and Phlebotomus martini, is highly endemic in East Africa where approximately 30 thousands VL cases are reported annually. The largest numbers of cases are found in Sudan - where Phlebotomus orientalis proliferate in Acacia forests especially on Sudan’s eastern border with Ethiopia, followed by South Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda. Long-standing civil war… 
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