A review of the systematic biology of fossil and living bony-tongue fishes, Osteoglossomorpha (Actinopterygii: Teleostei)

  title={A review of the systematic biology of fossil and living bony-tongue fishes, Osteoglossomorpha (Actinopterygii: Teleostei)},
  author={Eric J. Hilton and S{\'e}bastien Lavou{\'e}},
  journal={Neotropical Ichthyology},
  • E. HiltonS. Lavoué
  • Published 11 October 2018
  • Environmental Science, Biology, Geography
  • Neotropical Ichthyology
ABSTRACT The bony-tongue fishes, Osteoglossomorpha, have been the focus of a great deal of morphological, systematic, and evolutionary study, due in part to their basal position among extant teleostean fishes. This group includes the mooneyes (Hiodontidae), knifefishes (Notopteridae), the abu (Gymnarchidae), elephantfishes (Mormyridae), arawanas and pirarucu (Osteoglossidae), and the African butterfly fish (Pantodontidae). This morphologically heterogeneous group also has a long and diverse… 

A Paleocene (Danian) marine osteoglossid (Teleostei, Osteoglossomorpha) from the Nuussuaq Basin of Greenland, with a brief review of Palaeogene marine bonytongue fishes

The early Palaeogene represents a key interval in the evolution of modern marine fish faunas. Together with the first appearances of many familiar fish lineages characteristic of contemporary marine

Large-bodied sabre-toothed anchovies reveal unanticipated ecological diversity in early Palaeogene teleosts

The identification of large-bodied, piscivorous anchovies contributes to an emerging picture of a phylogenetically diverse guild of predatory ray-finned fishes in early Palaeogene marine settings, which include completely extinct lineages alongside members of modern marine groups and taxa that are today restricted to freshwater or deep-sea environments.

Cytogenetics, genomics and biodiversity of the South American and African Arapaimidae fish family (Teleostei, Osteoglossiformes)

The present investigations focus on the osteoglossiform family Arapaimidae, studying a unique fish model group with advanced molecular cytogenetic genomic tools, to better explore and clarify certain events and factors that had impact on evolutionary history of this fish group.

Deciphering the Evolutionary History of Arowana Fishes (Teleostei, Osteoglossiformes, Osteoglossidae): Insight from Comparative Cytogenomics

A time-calibrated phylogenetic tree revealed that Osteoglossum and Scleropages divergence occurred approximately 50 million years ago, at the time of the final separation of Australia and South America (with Antarctica), substantially after the latest terrestrial connection between Australia and Southeast Asia through the Indian plate movement.

A revision of Laeliichthys ancestralis Santos, 1985 (Teleostei: Osteoglossomorpha) from the Lower Cretaceous of Brazil: Phylogenetic relationships and biogeographical implications

The revised phylogenetic position revealed in this study has important consequences on the biogeography of Notopteroidei as it extends their distribution to western Gondwana, prior to the separation of South America and Africa, and extends the evolutionary origins of notopteroid lineages by at least ~27 Myr before their first appearance in the fossil record.

Emerging patterns of genome organization in Notopteridae species (Teleostei, Osteoglossiformes) as revealed by Zoo-FISH and Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH)

Notopteridae is an interesting model for tracking the chromosome evolution as it is an ancestral vertebrate group with Gondwanan distribution and an example of animal group exhibiting karyotype stasis, and new insights are brought into degree of genome divergence vs. conservation at chromosomal and sub-chromosomal level in representative sampling of this group.

Resolving the Early Divergence Pattern of Teleost Fish Using Genome-Scale Data

  • N. Takezaki
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Genome biology and evolution
  • 2021
It is supported that Elopomorpha was the first basal group of teleost fish to have diverged, consistent with the prevailing view of recent morphological studies.

Sperm Competition, Sexual Selection, and the Diverse Reproductive Biology of Osteoglossiformes.

It is suggested that the patterns seen in osteoglossiform reproduction are a microcosm of teleost reproductive diversity, potentially signifying the genetic plasticity that contributed to the adaptive radiation ofteleost fishes.

A historical vertebrate collection from the Middle Miocene of the Peruvian Amazon

The Miocene aquatic and terrestrial fossil record from western Amazonia constitute a clear evidence of the palaeoenvironmental diversity that prevailed in the area, prior to the establishment of the

Diversity of Balbiani body formation in internally and externally fertilizing representatives of Osteoglossiformes (Teleostei: Osteoglossomorpha)

The structure of oogonia and primary oocytes in the internally fertilizing butterflyfish Pantodon buchholzi and the externally fertilizing Osteoglossum bicirrhosum and Arapaima gigas is analyzed to compare formation of the Balbiani body in relation to modes of fertilization and it is demonstrated that the presence of the germ plasm as well as the fusion and fission of mitochondria are the conserved features of the Bb.



Infraorbital bones and their bearing on the phylogeny and geography of osteoglossomorph fishes. American Museum novitates ; no. 2394

In some teleosts one of the anterior infraorbital bones forms part of a "pumping system which causes an incurrent flow of water over the nasal epithelia when the mouth is opened" (Gosline, 1965, p 189), one indicating a monophyletic origin for the Teleostei.

Review of Eohiodon (Teleostei: Osteoglossomorpha) from western North America, with a phylogenetic reassessment of Hiodontidae

Fossil records of Hiodontiformes sensu stricto and Notopteroidei indicate a widespread pre-Neogene biogeographic range of these freshwater teleosts, suggesting that extinction must have been involved in the Cenozoic evolution of these two osteoglossomorph sublineages.

Osteoglossomorphs of the marine Lower Eocene of Denmark – with remarks on other Eocene taxa and their importance for palaeobiogeography

  • N. Bonde
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2008
Abstract The geological, faunal and palaeoecological conditions of the marine deposits from lowermost Eocene in North Jutland are briefly reviewed as background for the descriptions of six species of

Intraspecific variation of the caudal fin skeleton in Osteoglossum bicirrhosum Cuvier 1829 (Teleostei: Osteoglossomorpha: Osteoglossidae)

It is determined that the number of neural spines on the preural centra and hypural fusion patterns showed the greatest variation in the caudal skeleton of the neotropical osteoglossid fish Osteoglossum bicirrhosum.

New insights on the osteology and taxonomy of the osteoglossid fishes Phareodus, Brychaetus and Musperia (Teleostei, Osteoglossomorpha)

Brychaetus is a valid genus and not a synonym of Phareodus, and the osteoglossid Musperia radiata, from the Eocene of Indonesia, displays the same advanced snout pattern as Brychaetus and the two Recent Osteoglossidae.

Fossil Mooneyes (Teleostei: Hiodontiformes, Hiodontidae) from the Eocene of western North America, with a reassessment of their taxonomy

The skeletal anatomy of fossil hiodontids from western North America is examined based on newly-prepared specimens and it is concluded that †Eohiodon should be regarded as a synonym of Hiodon.

Molecular systematics of the African electric fishes (Mormyroidea: teleostei) and a model for the evolution of their electric organs.

A reconstruction of electrocyte evolution on the basis of the best-supported topology suggests that electrocytes with penetrating stalks evolved once early in the history of the mormyrids followed by multiple paedomorphic reversals to electrocyces with non-penetrating stalks.


The occurrence of fossil remains of osteoglossid and lepisosteid fish in the Palana Formation, both of which are among the major predators of a terrestrial aquatic community, and their association with the crocodilian remains, are indicative of the mature and diverse nature of thePalana vertebrate com- munity.

Molecular phylogeny of osteoglossoids: a new model for Gondwanian origin and plate tectonic transportation of the Asian arowana.

This study proposes a new model whereby the Asian arowana vicariantly diverged from the Australasian arowanas in the eastern margin of Gondwanaland and migrated into Eurasia on the Indian subcontinent or smaller continental blocks and implicates the relatively long absence of osteoglossiform fossil records from the Mesozoic.