• Corpus ID: 34689603

A review of the occurrence, biology and management of common bacterial blight.

  title={A review of the occurrence, biology and management of common bacterial blight.},
  author={Charles Karavina and Ronald Mandumbu and Cosmas Parwada and Handsen Tibugari},
  journal={International Journal of Agricultural Technology},
Women’s University in Africa, Department of Horticulture, P.O. Box MP 1222, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe C. Karavina, R. Mandumbu, C. Parwada and H. Tibugari (2011) A review of the occurrence, biology and management of common bacterial blight. Journal of Agricultural Technology 7(6): 1459-1474. Common bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (Xap) has been reported in many countries of the world. The disease is prevalent in areas that experience warm weather conditions… 

Common bacterial blight of beans: an integrated approach to disease management in Brazil

Common bacterial blight (CBB), caused by Xanthomonas phaseoli pv. phaseoli and Xanthomonas citri pv. fuscans, is the main bacterial disease of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in Brazil and in the

Common bacterial blight of bean: a model of seed transmission and pathological convergence

These pathogens belong to distinct species within the Xanthomonas genus and have undergone a dynamic evolutionary history including the horizontal transfer of genes encoding factors probably involved in adaptation to and pathogenicity on common bean.

Distribution and association of factors influencing bean common bacterial blight (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli) epidemics in Southern Ethiopia

Results indicate that CBB is severe and highly prevalent in Southern Ethiopia and efforts should be geared towards crop residue management, optimal tillage and fertiliser application, weeding, clean seed source and early planting approach to manage the disease.

Occurrence and characterization of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli associated with seeds of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) grown in Rajasthan state, India

In the two successive major and various minor field visits, a total of 151 seed samples were collected from 14 districts of Rajasthan state, India which is the major producer of mungbean in the

Distribution of common bacterial blight disease under different agroecologies in Uganda

The Northwest farm land and South west grass farm lands, are recommended for production of CBB free bean seeds, in Uganda, in order to establish low pressure areas for multiplication of clean certified seed.

Pathogenicity and virulence of Ugandan isolates of common bacterial blight disease pathogen

The study identified three most virulent isolates, namely MBL020, KAB-3 and BUL-14, all belonging to Xathomonas citri pv fuscans, which are very similar to those previously identified from Uganda more than 50 years ago.

Diversity of diseases of rice (Oryza sativa) in Kutai Kartanegara, Indonesia

Abstract. Sopialena, Sofian, Nurdiana J. 2019. Diversity of diseases of rice (Oryza sativa) in Kutai Kartanegara, Indonesia. Asian J Agric 3: 55-62. This research aimed to identify the diversity of

Common bean resistance to Xanthomonas is associated with upregulation of the salicylic acid pathway and downregulation of photosynthesis

The genomes of two common bean genotypes being either resistant (BAT93) or susceptible (JaloEEP558) to CBB were sequenced and annotated and the potential link between the pathways induced during bean colonization and genes induced by transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) discussed.

Using Breeding Populations With a Dual Purpose: Cultivar Development and Gene Mapping—A Case Study Using Resistance to Common Bacterial Blight in Dry Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

A foundational SNP data set is provided to improve the understanding of CBB resistance in dry bean, and impact resource allocation within breeding programs as breeding populations may be used for dual purposes: cultivar development as well as genetic studies.

Epiphytic Survival of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv . phaseoli (E. F. SM)

The study confirmed the existence of X. phaseoli on nonhost plants and on the stems, flowers and pods of bean varieties and confirmed the epiphytic bacteria have potential to act as inocula reservoir during and between growing seasons.

Ecology and Epidemiology of Foliar Bacterial Plant Pathogens

The role of epiphytic growth of foliar bacterial pathogens as it relates to the ecology of these organisms and to the epidemiology of the diseases they cause is focused on.

Expression of resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli in Phaseolus vulgaris under tropical conditions

The common investigation was to determine the effects 2-wk intervals beginning 3 wk after bacterial blight resistance of Jules and of other foliar blights and day length on planting, which seemed m unplanted buffer zone separated resistance to this pathogen.

The effect of populations of Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli in bean reproductive tissues on seed infection of resistant and susceptible bean genotypes

  • R. Mabagala
  • Biology
    European Journal of Plant Pathology
  • 2004
Infected seed from resistant bean genotypes had no visible symptoms and may play an important role in the epidemiology of common bacterial blight because they are difficult to detect and may occur at low frequency in seed lots, as was the case in the current study.

Study on common bean seed lots for contamination with Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli by BIO-PCR technique

Experimental results indicated the possibility of detecting the pathogen in small sub samples of common bean seed lots and suggested that the seeds produced in National Center for Bean Research can be used for planting purpose because of their relatively more health.

Survival Mechanisms of Phytopathogenic Bacteria

The longevity of primary inoculum is important in the success of bacterial patho­ gens and depends upon its ability to escape or endure adverse environmental condi­ tions (62).


The experiment showed that Xanthomonas phaseoli survives in the soil and crop debris in Zimbabwe, however, soil andcrop debris inocula had no effect on disease incidence and severity, but provided inocula for disease development.

Studies on seed transmission of Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli in common beans in Uganda.

There was a positive correlation between seed symptoms and population of XCP per seed, however, where seed was either slightly diseased or symptomless, XCP did not decrease bean germination irrespective of population density.

Molecular epidemiology of Xanthomonas campestris pv. manihotis causal agent of cassava bacterial blight

ThtlStl results are in agreement with the hypothesis of thtl rocent introduction of the pathogen to theStl latttlr areas and suggests that the African strains have not diversified genetically at the chromosomal level.

Elimination of bean seed-borne bacteria by thermotherapy and meristem culture

In annual plants the main mode of bacterial disease transmission is via the seeds, and Seeds contaminated either internally or externally constitute the primary source of the inoculum.