A review of the incidence, causes, consequences, and management of gastrointestinal effects associated with postoperative opioid administration.

@article{Miaskowski2009ARO,
  title={A review of the incidence, causes, consequences, and management of gastrointestinal effects associated with postoperative opioid administration.},
  author={Christine Miaskowski},
  journal={Journal of perianesthesia nursing : official journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses},
  year={2009},
  volume={24 4},
  pages={222-8}
}
Opioid analgesics are commonly used to manage moderate to severe postoperative pain. Classic mu-opioid receptor agonists, such as morphine, meperidine, and fentanyl, provide excellent analgesia. However, their use in the postoperative setting is often limited by adverse effects such as nausea, vomiting, and reduced gastrointestinal motility. Clinicians who care for postoperative patients need to be aware of the incidences, causes, risk factors, consequences, and management of these adverse… CONTINUE READING