A review of the effects of uranium and depleted uranium exposure on reproduction and fetal development

@article{Arfsten2001ARO,
  title={A review of the effects of uranium and depleted uranium exposure on reproduction and fetal development},
  author={Darryl P. Arfsten and Kenneth R. Still and Glenn David Ritchie},
  journal={Toxicology and Industrial Health},
  year={2001},
  volume={17},
  pages={180 - 191}
}
Depleted uranium (DU) is used in armor-penetrating munitions, military vehicle armor, and aircraft, ship and missile counterweighting/ballasting, as well as in a number of other military and commercial applications. Recent combat applications of DU alloy [i.e., Persian Gulf War (PGW) and Kosovo peacekeeping objective] resulted in human acute exposure to DU dust, vapor or aerosol, as well as chronic exposure from tissue embedding of DU shrapnel fragments. DU alloy is 99.8% 238Uranium, and emits… 

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CHAPTER 29 – Depleted Uranium

Neurotoxicity of depleted uranium

This review reports on uranium uses and its published health effects, with a major focus on in vitro and in vivo studies that escalate concerns that exposure to DU might be associated with neurotoxic health sequelae.

Gulf war depleted uranium risks

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The analysis found that the risks of DU-induced leukemia or birth defects are far too small to result in an observable increase in health effects among exposed veterans or Iraqi civilians, and Veterans and civilians who did not occupy DU-contaminated vehicles are unlikely to have internalized quantities of DU significantly in excess of normal internalization of natural uranium from the environment.

The Chemistry and Toxicology of Depleted Uranium

Natural uranium is comprised of three radioactive isotopes: 238U, 235U, and 234U. Depleted uranium (DU) is a byproduct of the processes for the enrichment of the naturally occurring 235U isotope. The

Teratogenicity of depleted uranium aerosols: A review from an epidemiological perspective

The human epidemiological evidence is consistent with increased risk of birth defects in offspring of persons exposed to DU, and the possibility that DU is a teratogen is firmly supported.

Engineering solution for Radioactive Waste in IRAQ

Depleted uranium (DU) is a by-product of the enrichment of natural uranium for nuclear reactor-grade or nuclear weapons-grade uranium. DU is chemically identical to natural uranium. Depleted uranium

Accumulation and distribution of uranium in rats after implantation with depleted uranium fragments.

It was concluded that kidney and bone are the primary reservoirs for uranium redistributed from intramuscularly embedded fragments, and the accumulations in kidney, bone and many other tissues suggest the potential for unanticipated physiological consequences of chronic exposure to DU.

Renal dysfunction induced by long-term exposure to depleted uranium in rats

It was concluded that DU could accumulate in kidneys for a long period, and causes kidney injury by the toxic chemical/radioactive action such as renal dysfunction and structural damage.
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