A review of the adaptive significance and ecosystem consequences of zooplankton diel vertical migrations

@article{Hays2004ARO,
  title={A review of the adaptive significance and ecosystem consequences of zooplankton diel vertical migrations},
  author={Graeme C. Hays},
  journal={Hydrobiologia},
  year={2004},
  volume={503},
  pages={163-170}
}
  • G. Hays
  • Published 1 August 2003
  • Environmental Science
  • Hydrobiologia
Diel vertical migration (DVM) by zooplankton is a universal feature in all the World's oceans, as well as being common in freshwater environments. The normal pattern involves movement from shallow depths at night to greater depths during the day. For many herbivorous and omnivorous mesozooplankton that feed predominantly near the surface on phytoplankton and microzooplankton, minimising the risk of predation from fish seems to be the ultimate factor behind DVM. These migrants appear to use deep… 
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