A review of starch, a unique biopolymer - Structure, metabolism and in planta modifications.

  title={A review of starch, a unique biopolymer - Structure, metabolism and in planta modifications.},
  author={Ardha Apriyanto and Julia Compart and Joerg Fettke},
  journal={Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology},
9 Citations

A Comprehensive Study on Starch Nanoparticle Potential as a Reinforcing Material in Bioplastic

Starch can be found in the stems, roots, fruits, and seeds of plants such as sweet potato, cassava, corn, potato, and many more. In addition to its original form, starch can be modified by reducing

A Review: Plant Carbohydrate Types—The Potential Impact on Ruminant Methane Emissions

Carbohydrates are the major component of most ruminant feeds. The digestion of carbohydrates in the rumen provides energy to the ruminants but also contributes to enteric methane (CH4) emissions.

1H NMR metabolomics analysis of oil palm stem tissue infected by Ganoderma boninense based on field severity Indices

  • Adi PancoroElfina KarimaArdha ApriyantoYunus Effendi
  • Scientific Reports
  • 2022
Basal stem rot disease (BSR) caused by G. boninense affects most oil palm plants in Southeast Asia. This disease can be fatal to palm oil production. BSR shows no signs on the tree in the early

Valorization of Starch to Biobased Materials: A Review

Many concerns are being expressed about the biodegradability, biocompatibility, and long-term viability of polymer-based substances. This prompted the quest for an alternative source of material that



Starch: its metabolism, evolution, and biotechnological modification in plants.

Progress in identifying the enzymatic machinery required for the synthesis of amylopectin, the glucose polymer responsible for the insoluble nature of starch, is assessed.

Understanding Starch Structure: Recent Progress

In this review two models of the amylopectin structure are described, namely the “cluster model” and the ‘building block backbone model’, and the structure of the starch granules is discussed in light of both.

Structure-function relationships of starch components

Starch continues to be an important renewable biopolymer in both the food and non-food industries. Its properties, which vary depending on the plant source, stem directly from its structure. The

Recreating the synthesis of starch granules in yeast

The core Arabidopsis starch-biosynthesis pathway is expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae purged of its endogenous glycogen-metabolic enzymes, demonstrating that this system indeed simulates starch biosynthesis and has the potential to accelerate starch research.

Microbial Starch-Converting Enzymes: Recent Insights and Perspectives.

This review provides current information on enzymes belonging to GH13, 57, 70, and 77 that can be used in structural modifications of the starch polysaccharides or to produce starch-derived products from them.

Barley Starch: Composition, Structure, Properties, and Modifications.

  • F. Zhu
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    Comprehensive reviews in food science and food safety
  • 2017
This review summarizes the recent developments in the understanding of the isolation, chemical composition, granular structure, chemical structure of starch components, physicochemical properties, and various modifications of barley starch to provide a basis for better utilizing barley starch, as well as the further development of barley as a sustainable crop.

Modification of Cassava Root Starch Phosphorylation Enhances Starch Functional Properties

Biotechnological manipulation of starch phosphorylation can specifically alter certain cassava storage root starch properties, potentially increasing its value in food and non-food industries.

Production, structure, physicochemical and functional properties of maize, cassava, wheat, potato and rice starches

In 2012, the world production of starch was 75 million tons. Maize, cassava, wheat and potato are the main botanical origins for starch production with only minor quantities of rice and other