A review of medicinal plants showing anticonvulsant activity.

@article{Chauhan1988ARO,
  title={A review of medicinal plants showing anticonvulsant activity.},
  author={A. K. Chauhan and M. P. Dobhal and B. Joshi},
  journal={Journal of ethnopharmacology},
  year={1988},
  volume={22 1},
  pages={
          11-23
        }
}
The term epilepsy is collectively designated for a group of chronic central nervous system disorders characterized by spontaneous occurrence of seizures generally associated with the loss of consciousness and body movements (convulsions). The disease has its origin from an early age. Anticonvulsant drugs are used to control the convulsions by inhibiting the discharge and then producing hypnosis. Various synthetic drugs, viz. sodium diphenyl hydantoin (Dialtin) barbiturates, pyrimidon… Expand
Plants with anticonvulsant properties: a review
TLDR
This work constitutes a literature review on medicinal plants showing anticonvulsant properties in Brazil and refers to 16 Brazilian plants and a total 355 species, their families, geographical distribution, the utilized parts, method and references. Expand
Anti-convulsant Activity of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Lawsonia Innermis Leaves in Mice
TLDR
The results of HAELI leaves show anticonvulsant effect in both PTZ and INH induced convulsion models and hence suggesting their possible depressant action in the central nervous system. Expand
Medicinal compounds with antiepileptic/anticonvulsant activities
TLDR
This article aims to review components in herbal medicines that have shown antiepileptic or anticonvulsant properties and places emphasis on the plant crude extracts or their isolated fractions, not pure active compounds derived from herbal medicines. Expand
Plants and Plant Products with Potential Anticonvulsant Activity – A Review
TLDR
The present review emphasizes pharmacological reports on anticonvulsant plants, plant products and formulations and various chemical constituents isolated from different plants responsible for anticonVulsant activity and their possible mechanism of actions have been incorporated. Expand
ANTICONVULSANT ACTIVITY OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF MELISSA PARVIFLORA IN EXPERIMENTALLY INDUCEDSWISS ALBINO MICE
Epilepsy is a disorder characterized by recurrent seizures of cerebral origin, presenting with episodes of sensory, motor or autonomic phenomenon with or without loss of consciousness. In the presentExpand
Anticonvulsant and toxicity effects of ethanolic extract of Thevetia Peruviana (Pers.) leaves
Epilepsy is a neurologic condition due to disordered firing of brain neurons characterised by seizures. Most currently available antiepileptic drugs are synthetic and do not offer a complete cure yetExpand
A pharmacological basis of herbal medicines for epilepsy
TLDR
Botanicals provide a base for target-oriented antiepileptic drug discovery and development and should focus on the characterization of the effects of plant extracts and plant-derived compounds on well-defined targets rather than on phenotypic screening using in vivo animal models of acute seizures. Expand
PHYTOFLAVONOIDS: ANTIEPILEPTICS FOR THE FUTURE
TLDR
Phytoflavonoids have been observed to be promising AEDs which can interact with most of the possible targets involved in the pathogenesis of epilepsy and open new encouraging perspectives for the antiepileptic treatment. Expand
Evaluation of central nervous system depressant activity of Cleome rutidosperma
TLDR
The tested extract showed significant anxiolytic, anticonvulsant activity (in treating petit mal epilepsy) without any unwanted sedation effect, which justifies the traditional use of this plant in CNS disorders. Expand
EVALUATION OF ANTI CONVULSANT AND ANTI OXIDANT ACTIVITY OF SELECTED MEDICINAL PLANT
Objective: Cuscuta reflexa is greatly valued plant reported in Indian traditional system of medicine for various ailments. In this study, anticonvulsant and antioxidant activity of ethanol extract ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 44 REFERENCES
THE ANTICONVULSANT AND THERMAL EFFECTS OF VARIOUS CANNABINOIDS IN RATS
While the neurophysiological basis of the epileptic syndrome seems to be clear, its neurochemical basis is still unknown. Among the proposed medical uses for various cannabinoids is its use as anExpand
Pharmacological studies of Panax Ginseng leaves.
TLDR
These neuroleptic activities, were examined and confirmed by tests on motor activity, exploratory movements, muscle tone, motor coordination, hypothermia and potentiation of CNS-depressant, and pole climbing, anticonvulsant and analgesic tests. Expand
Central depressant effects of the extracts of magnolia cortex.
Pharmacological properties of the extracts from the magnolia cortex (the bark of Magnolia obovata THUNB.) were examined with special reference to their central nervous system action. The etherExpand
The Cannabinoids as Potential Antiepileptics
TLDR
The anticonvulsant nature of cannabidiol suggests that it has a therapeutic potential in at least three of the four major types of epilepsy: grand mal, cortical focal, and complex partial seizures. Expand
Pharmacological studies of neutral saponins (GNS) of Panax Ginseng root.
TLDR
From the tests described above in addition to those of traction, hypothermia, fighting behavior and ratio of two reflexes, GNS appears to have neuroleptic activity. Expand
Marihuana and Epilepsy: Activation of Symptoms by Delta-9-THC
TLDR
Considering the number of recent citations, marihuana is developing a reputation of being an anticonvulsant even to the degree that careful attention to details of existing evidence is sometimes lacking. Expand
Studies on the pharmacology of Euphorbia pilulifera.
  • L. Hazleton, R. C. Hellerman
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association. American Pharmaceutical Association
  • 1948
TLDR
Guinea pigs actively sensitized to egg white were protected from subsequent lethal anaphylactic shock by oral administration of euphorbia about one hour prior to injection of egg white, and Euphorbia antagonized the action of histamine on isolated guinea-pig intestine. Expand
Anti-inflammatory and anticonvulsant properties of some natural plant triterpenoids.
TLDR
All triterpenoids, with the exception of friedelinoxime and acetylmethylursolate, provided 10 to 40% protection against pentylenetetrazol-induced convulsions in mice. Expand
Anticonvulsant-Convulsant Effects of Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
TLDR
In general, behavioral seizures in rodents, frogs, and cats, and electrographic seizures in rats and cats produced by electrical stimulation are prevented by delta-9-THC. Expand
Pharmacological properties of magnolol and honokiol extracted from Magnolia officinalis: central depressant effects.
TLDR
The results suggest that magnolol causes a depression of the ascending activating systems as well as of the spinal cord. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...