A review of manual wheelchairs

  title={A review of manual wheelchairs},
  author={Claire L. Flemmer and Rory C. Flemmer},
  journal={Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology},
  pages={177 - 187}
  • C. Flemmer, Rory C. Flemmer
  • Published 2 April 2016
  • Psychology, Medicine, Engineering
  • Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology
Abstract Purpose: To review the scientific literature published in the last 14 years on the different types of manual wheelchairs. Method: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to find the recent research on manual wheelchairs. Results: The findings of 77 references on pushrim-propelled wheelchairs, crank-propelled wheelchairs, lever-propelled wheelchairs, geared manual wheelchairs and pushrim-activated power-assist wheelchairs are reported. Conclusion: The pushrim-propelled… 
Comparison of Manual Wheelchair and Pushrim-Activated Power-Assisted Wheelchair Propulsion Characteristics during Common Over-Ground Maneuvers
It is revealed that using PAPAWs can significantly reduce the propulsion effort and push frequency and both linear and angular velocities of the wheelchair were significantly increased when using P APAWs.
Design and Optimization of Direct Drive Motor Alloy Wheel for Manual Wheelchair
The wheelchair is the primary rehabilitation device used to enable the movement capability of disabled people. Its usage depends on the pre- and post-hospitalization of the patient. To provide an
Rehabilitation professional and user evaluation of an integrated push-pull lever drive system for wheelchair mobility.
Improvements in adjustability, reversal methods, and operation options to appeal to a wider range of consumers are needed before lever-drive devices are suitable to replace or supplement current wheeled mobility devices.
Pushing a Manual Wheelchair Requires More Muscular Force Than Pulling
The study suggests a modified wheelchair design that operates by means of a pulling motion as opposed to pushing, which offers a more efficient solution to the problems of shoulder, elbow, wrist injuries and user fatigue.
Development of Transport for Disabled People on the Example of Wheelchair Propulsion with Cam-Thread Drive
The increasingly frequent use of electric drives is a new direction of development in personal transport. Sometimes these drives take over the work of human muscles, and sometimes they only support
Powered off-road wheelchair for the transportation of tetraplegics along mountain trails
An innovative user-centered power assisted off-road wheelchair for the transportation of tetraplegics along mountain trails was developed and revealed the real possibility of a full recreational experience, an enhanced participation and a better social integration of tetraplegics.
Effect of power-assistance on upper limb biomechanical and physiological variables during a 6-minute, manual wheelchair propulsion test: a randomised, cross-over study.
The results showed that use of RD-PAD increased the distance covered by MW users and reduced the energy costs of propulsion, and indirectly suggest that RD- PAD may reduce the risk of MSD.
Physiological parameters depending on two different types of manual wheelchair propulsion
The lever wheelchair propulsion movement is less demanding than hand rim wheelchair propulsion and longer distances can be achieved by the user and there is a need to check lever wheelchair transportation in different types of field tests.


Wheelchair propulsion biomechanics and wheelers' quality of life: an exploratory review
  • J. ChowC. Levy
  • Medicine, Biology
    Disability and rehabilitation. Assistive technology
  • 2011
The study of wheelchair propulsion biomechanics focuses on how a wheelchair user imparts power to the wheels to achieve mobility and the accumulated knowledge can help to improve wheelchair users’ mobility, reduce physical stress associated with wheelchair propulsion, and as a result, enhance quality of life.
Effect of 2-speed geared manual wheelchair propulsion on shoulder pain and function.
Alternative Modes of Manual Wheelchair Ambulation: An Overview
It is substantiated that the frequent use of these alternative propulsion mechanisms may help prevent some of the secondary impairments that are seen among today’s wheelchair-user population.
Effect of a pushrim-activated power-assist wheelchair on the functional capabilities of persons with tetraplegia.
A systematic review on the pros and cons of using a pushrim-activated power-assisted wheelchair
Power-assisted propulsion might be beneficial for subjects in whom independent hand-rim wheelchair propulsion is endangered by arm injury, insufficient arm strength or low cardiopulmonary reserves, and subjects who have difficulty propelling a wheelchair in a challenging environment can benefit from power-assisted wheelchair use.
Wheelchair skills tests: a systematic review
The skill most frequently included was wheelchair propulsion, consecutively followed by transferring, negotiating kerbs, ascending slopes, traversing tracks, sprinting and performing a wheelie, which was the three most frequently used outcome parameters.
Wheelchair propulsion kinematics in beginners and expert users: influence of wheelchair settings.
Manual Wheelchair Propulsion Over Cross-Sloped Surfaces: A Literature Review
ABSTRACT Manual wheelchair propulsion may be facilitated or impeded depending upon the surface and the environment. One barrier may be the cross-slope of pathways. The purpose of this systematic
A new method to quantify demand on the upper extremity during manual wheelchair propulsion.