A review of manual wheelchairs

@article{Flemmer2016ARO,
  title={A review of manual wheelchairs},
  author={Claire L. Flemmer and Rory C. Flemmer},
  journal={Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology},
  year={2016},
  volume={11},
  pages={177 - 187}
}
  • C. Flemmer, Rory C. Flemmer
  • Published 2 April 2016
  • Psychology, Medicine, Engineering
  • Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology
Abstract Purpose: To review the scientific literature published in the last 14 years on the different types of manual wheelchairs. Method: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to find the recent research on manual wheelchairs. Results: The findings of 77 references on pushrim-propelled wheelchairs, crank-propelled wheelchairs, lever-propelled wheelchairs, geared manual wheelchairs and pushrim-activated power-assist wheelchairs are reported. Conclusion: The pushrim-propelled… 
Comparison of Manual Wheelchair and Pushrim-Activated Power-Assisted Wheelchair Propulsion Characteristics during Common Over-Ground Maneuvers
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It is revealed that using PAPAWs can significantly reduce the propulsion effort and push frequency and both linear and angular velocities of the wheelchair were significantly increased when using P APAWs.
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TLDR
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Pushing a Manual Wheelchair Requires More Muscular Force Than Pulling
TLDR
The study suggests a modified wheelchair design that operates by means of a pulling motion as opposed to pushing, which offers a more efficient solution to the problems of shoulder, elbow, wrist injuries and user fatigue.
Development of Transport for Disabled People on the Example of Wheelchair Propulsion with Cam-Thread Drive
The increasingly frequent use of electric drives is a new direction of development in personal transport. Sometimes these drives take over the work of human muscles, and sometimes they only support
Powered off-road wheelchair for the transportation of tetraplegics along mountain trails
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An innovative user-centered power assisted off-road wheelchair for the transportation of tetraplegics along mountain trails was developed and revealed the real possibility of a full recreational experience, an enhanced participation and a better social integration of tetraplegics.
Effect of power-assistance on upper limb biomechanical and physiological variables during a 6-minute, manual wheelchair propulsion test: a randomised, cross-over study.
TLDR
The results showed that use of RD-PAD increased the distance covered by MW users and reduced the energy costs of propulsion, and indirectly suggest that RD- PAD may reduce the risk of MSD.
Physiological parameters depending on two different types of manual wheelchair propulsion
TLDR
The lever wheelchair propulsion movement is less demanding than hand rim wheelchair propulsion and longer distances can be achieved by the user and there is a need to check lever wheelchair transportation in different types of field tests.
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