A review of instrumentation kinematics of engine-driven nickel-titanium instruments.

Abstract

Over the years, NiTi alloys have become indispensable materials in endodontic treatment. With technological advancements in metallurgy, manufacturers have attempted to produce instruments with enhanced features. In parallel with these developments, endodontic motors have undergone improvements in terms of torque control and kinematics that are adjustable in… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/iej.12432

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