A review of PTSD and shame in military veterans

  title={A review of PTSD and shame in military veterans},
  author={Camille M. Gaudet and Karen M. Sowers and William R. Nugent and J A Boriskin},
  journal={Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment},
  pages={56 - 68}
ABSTRACT Traumatic military experiences can create ethical dilemmas that result in moral injury. Moral injury is strongly correlated with interpersonal problems, social anxiety, isolation, depression, and suicide. Shame, considered the primary component of moral injury, amplifies the impact of trauma across every category. Shame relates to the trauma experience and is fortified by poor homecomings and the years following veterans’ return from battle. Self-criticism acts as a barrier to care and… 
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