A review of North Atlantic modes of natural variability and their driving mechanisms

@inproceedings{Grossmann2009ARO,
  title={A review of North Atlantic modes of natural variability and their driving mechanisms},
  author={Iris Grossmann and Philip Klotzbach},
  year={2009}
}
[1] This paper reviews three modes of natural variability that have been identified in the North Atlantic Ocean, namely, the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) and the Atlantic Meridional Mode (AMM). This manuscript focuses on the multidecadal fluctuations of these three modes. A range of different mechanisms to initiate phase reversals in these modes on multidecadal timescales has been suggested previously. We propose a systematic grouping of these… CONTINUE READING

Citations

Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 12 extracted citations

Spatio-temporal hydro-climate variability in Finland

Ville Lindgren, Matti Kummu, Timo A. Räsänen, J. Guillaume, ajan suhteen Suomessa
2016
View 4 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

References

Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 127 references

A simulation of thermohaline effects of a Great Salinity Anomaly

S. Häkkinen
J. Clim., • 1999
View 12 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Interdecadal variations in North Atlantic sea surface temperature and associated atmospheric conditions

Y. Kushnir
J. Clim., • 1994
View 11 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Climate trends associated with multi-decadal variability of Atlantic hurricane activity, in Hurricanes—Climate and Socioeconomic Impacts, edited by H

W. M. Gray, J. D. Sheaffer, W C.
Landsea • 1997
View 9 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

The seesaw in winter temperatures between Greenland and Northern Europe

H. Van Loon, J. C. Rogers
Part I: General description, Mon. Weather Rev., • 1978
View 6 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Simulation of the recent multidecadal increase of Atlantic hurricane activity using an 18kmgrid regional model

J. P. Kossin, D. J. Vimont
Bull . Am . Meteorol . Soc . • 2007
View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Visbeck (2001a), North Atlantic climate variability: Phenomena, impacts and mechanisms

J. Marshall, Y. Kushnir, +6 authors R. Saravanan
Int. J. Climatol., • 2001
View 5 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Great salinity anomalies

I. M. Belkin, S. Levitus, J. Antonov
1998
View 9 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…